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Supervisor ratings of productivity loss associated with presenteeism and sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders and common mental disorders in Sweden
Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5523-4141
Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8031-7651
2021 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 1091-1100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Health problems due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and common mental disorders (CMD) result in costs due to lost productivity. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to increase knowledge of employers productivity loss due to employees presenteeism and sickness absence. METHODS: A web questionnaire was sent to employers of workers who were sick-listed for more than 30 days due to MSD or CMD, response rate: 50%, n = 198. Presenteeism and the impact on productivity before and after sick leave, and the performance of work tasks by replacement workers during sick leave, were measured using supervisors ratings. RESULTS: The average loss of productivity per sick-leave case amounted to almost 10 weeks, 53% of productivity loss was attributable to presenteeism and 47% to lower productivity by replacement workers. Employees with a CMD diagnosis had significantly higher presenteeism-related productivity loss than those with MSD. CONCLUSIONS: Employers experienced substantial productivity loss associated with employees presenteeism and sick leave. Whether the supervisory rating of presenteeism is preferable to employee self-rating needs to be studied further. The long duration of presenteeism is counter-productive to resource-efficient organisations and indicates the need for improved supervisory skills to identify workers with poor health, both before and after sick leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS PRESS , 2021. Vol. 68, no 4, p. 1091-1100
Keywords [en]
Workplace; costs; work disability
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-176008DOI: 10.3233/WOR-213439ISI: 000647272000014PubMedID: 33843715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-176008DiVA, id: diva2:1559408
Note

Funding Agencies|AFA Insurance [130097]

Available from: 2021-06-02 Created: 2021-06-02 Last updated: 2021-06-23

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