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Structural Stability of Sandvik 3R60™ After 240 131 Hours Ageing and Creep Test at 700 °C
Sandvik Materials Technology, Sandviken.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Sandvik Materials Technology, Sandviken.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1640-6366
Sandvik Materials Technology, Sandviken.
2022 (English)In: Transactions of the Indian National Academy of Engineering, ISSN 2662-5415, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 625-633Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sandvik 3R60™ is an AISI 316/316L type of stainless steel. In this paper, the structural stability of the material under long-term ageing or creep test has been studied. The material had been creep tested with a stress of 45 MPa at 700 °C. The predicted rupture time for the creep specimen was about 100,000 h; however, the specimen broke first after 240,131 h. The oxidation behavior and structural stability in both aged and creep-tested samples were studied using SEM/EDS, EBSD and ECCI techniques. Thin oxide layers near the sample surface are mainly spinel oxides and eskolaite (Cr2O3). Sigma phase, χ-phase, Eta phase, M23C6 and Cr2N have been observed in the matrix of the samples. In the crept sample, the amount of sigma phase has increased, so has Eta phase and χ-phase as well. Thermo-Calc evaluation can reasonably predict precipitation of sigma phase, Eta phase and M23C6, but not χ-phase and Cr2N phases. Creep crack initiation behavior has been studied. It is mainly noticed to start at surface oxide layer or coarse sigma particles at grain boundary or triple point. Additionally, it is also observed that the presence of a thin Cr2O3 layer between the oxide and matrix along with discontinuous sigma phase distribution at grain boundary that will reduce the risk for creep crack initiation. Further, the crack propagation behavior has also been discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 625-633
Keywords [en]
Sandvik 3R60™, structural stability, creep, precipitation, heat resistant steels, AISI 316/316L
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-181431DOI: 10.1007/s41403-021-00298-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-181431DiVA, id: diva2:1614686
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Linköpings universitetAvailable from: 2021-11-26 Created: 2021-11-26 Last updated: 2022-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Chai, Guocai

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