liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Is Having Hearing Loss Fundamentally Different?: Multigroup Structural Equation Modeling of the Effect of Cognitive Functioning on Speech Identificatio
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. (Linnaeus CENTRE HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2379-9201
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. (Linnaeus CENTRE HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0369-3354
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Health, Social and Welfare Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Porsgrunn, Norway. (Linnaeus CENTRE HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. (Linnaeus CENTRE HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0446-0827
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1437-1446Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Previous research suggests that there is a robust relationship between cognitive functioning and speech-in-noise performance for older adults with age-related hearing loss. For normal-hearing adults, on the other hand, the research is not entirely clear. Therefore, the current study aimed to examine the relationship between cognitive functioning, aging, and speech-in-noise, in a group of older normal-hearing persons and older persons with hearing loss who wear hearing aids.

Design: We analyzed data from 199 older normal-hearing individuals (mean age = 61.2) and 200 older individuals with hearing loss (mean age = 60.9) using multigroup structural equation modeling. Four cognitively related tasks were used to create a cognitive functioning construct: the reading span task, a visuospatial working memory task, the semantic word-pairs task, and Raven’s progressive matrices. Speech-in-noise, on the other hand, was measured using Hagerman sentences. The Hagerman sentences were presented via an experimental hearing aid to both normal hearing and hearing-impaired groups. Furthermore, the sentences were presented with one of the two background noise conditions: the Hagerman original speech-shaped noise or four-talker babble. Each noise condition was also presented with three different hearing processing settings: linear processing, fast compression, and noise reduction.

Results: Cognitive functioning was significantly related to speech-in-noise identification. Moreover, aging had a significant effect on both speech-in-noise and cognitive functioning. With regression weights constrained to be equal for the two groups, the final model had the best fit to the data. Importantly, the results showed that the relationship between cognitive functioning and speech-in-noise was not different for the two groups. Furthermore, the same pattern was evident for aging: the effects of aging on cognitive functioning and aging on speech-in-noise were not different between groups.

Conclusion: Our findings revealed similar cognitive functioning and aging effects on speech-in-noise performance in older normal-hearing and aided hearing-impaired listeners. In conclusion, the findings support the Ease of Language Understanding model as cognitive processes play a critical role in speech-in-noise independent from the hearing status of elderly individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2022. Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1437-1446
Keywords [en]
Aging; Cognitive functioning; Ravens; Speech in noise; Structural equation modeling; Working memory
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-182150DOI: 10.1097/aud.0000000000001196ISI: 000843475700006PubMedID: 34983896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-182150DiVA, id: diva2:1625408
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 349-2007-8654Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1693Swedish Research Council, VR-2017-06092
Note

Funding: Linnaeus Centre HEAD excellence center grant from the Swedish Research Council [349-2007-8654]; FORTE [2012-1693]; Swedish Research Council [VR-2017-06092]

Available from: 2022-01-07 Created: 2022-01-07 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(779 kB)378 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 779 kBChecksum SHA-512
2c954308b2a9f849844551d8f54ce13122ea529691c617d378675af290261d3e47abec8ffe5b4766394639af6da93e8f74c564de3f11c913817589dc40bb75df
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records

Marsja, ErikStenbäck, VictoriaMoradi, ShahramDanielsson, HenrikRönnberg, Jerker

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Marsja, ErikStenbäck, VictoriaMoradi, ShahramDanielsson, HenrikRönnberg, Jerker
By organisation
Disability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
In the same journal
Ear and Hearing
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 378 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 907 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf