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Global importance of methane emissions from drainage ditches and canals
Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Sweden.
Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0038-2152
Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Sweden.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 16, nr 4, artikel-id 044010Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Globally, there are millions of kilometres of drainage ditches which have the potential to emit the powerful greenhouse gas methane (CH4), but these emissions are not reported in budgets of inland waters or drained lands. Here, we synthesise data to show that ditches spanning a global latitudinal gradient and across different land uses emit large quantities of CH4 to the atmosphere. Area-specific emissions are comparable to those from lakes, streams, reservoirs, and wetlands. While it is generally assumed that drainage negates terrestrial CH4 emissions, we find that CH4 emissions from ditches can, on average, offset similar to 10% of this reduction. Using global areas of drained land we show that ditches contribute 3.5 Tg CH4 yr(-1) (0.6-10.5 Tg CH4 yr(-1)); equivalent to 0.2%-3% of global anthropogenic CH4 emissions. A positive relationship between CH4 emissions and temperature was found, and emissions were highest from eutrophic ditches. We advocate the inclusion of ditch emissions in national GHG inventories, as neglecting them can lead to incorrect conclusions concerning the impact of drainage-based land management on CH4 budgets.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IOP Publishing Ltd , 2021. Vol. 16, nr 4, artikel-id 044010
Nyckelord [en]
methane; ditch; greenhouse gas; drainage; land use
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-182389DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/abeb36ISI: 000739526200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-182389DiVA, id: diva2:1630326
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|FormasSwedish Research Council Formas [2020-00950]; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation programmeEuropean Research Council (ERC) [725546]; Carl Tryggers Stiftelse; AXA Research Fund

Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-20 Skapad: 2022-01-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17

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