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A many-analysts approach to the relation between religiosity and well-being
Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Psychol, Budapest, Hungary..
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3955-0443
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Number of Authors: 2522023 (English)In: Religion, Brain & Behavior, ISSN 2153-599X, E-ISSN 2153-5981, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 237-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relation between religiosity and well-being is one of the most researched topics in the psychology of religion, yet the directionality and robustness of the effect remains debated. Here, we adopted a many-analysts approach to assess the robustness of this relation based on a new cross-cultural dataset (N = 10, 535 participants from 24 countries). We recruited 120 analysis teams to investigate (1) whether religious people self-report higher well-being, and (2) whether the relation between religiosity and self-reported well-being depends on perceived cultural norms of religion (i.e., whether it is considered normal and desirable to be religious in a given country). In a two-stage procedure, the teams first created an analysis plan and then executed their planned analysis on the data. For the first research question, all but 3 teams reported positive effect sizes with credible/confidence intervals excluding zero (median reported beta = 0.120). For the second research question, this was the case for 65% of the teams (median reported beta = 0.039). While most teams applied (multilevel) linear regression models, there was considerable variability in the choice of items used to construct the independent variables, the dependent variable, and the included covariates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge; Taylor & Francis , 2023. Vol. 13, no 3, p. 237-283
Keywords [en]
Health, many analysts, open science, religion
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187635DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2022.2070255ISI: 000821405300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-187635DiVA, id: diva2:1687990
Note

Funding: Australian Research Council [DP180102384]; Cogito Foundation [R10917]; French Agence Nationale de la Recherche [17-EURE-0017, 10-IDEX-0001-02]; National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship [GR100544, DGE-2139841]; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research [406-17-568, 016.Vici.170.083, 016.Vidi.188.001]; John Templeton Foundation [60663]; Templeton Religion Trust [TRT 0154]; German Research Foundation [GRK 2277]

Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2024-01-10

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Dahlström, ÖrjanDanielsson, HenrikHomman, Lina

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