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Rapid discovery of stable materials by coordinate-free coarse graining
Univ Cambridge, England.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Univ Cambridge, England.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5571-0814
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2022 (English)In: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 8, no 30, article id eabn4117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A fundamental challenge in materials science pertains to elucidating the relationship between stoichiometry, stability, structure, and property. Recent advances have shown that machine learning can be used to learn such relationships, allowing the stability and functional properties of materials to be accurately predicted. However, most of these approaches use atomic coordinates as input and are thus bottlenecked by crystal structure identification when investigating previously unidentified materials. Our approach solves this bottleneck by coarse-graining the infinite search space of atomic coordinates into a combinatorially enumerable search space. The key idea is to use Wyckoff representations, coordinate-free sets of symmetry-related positions in a crystal, as the input to a machine learning model. Our model demonstrates exceptionally high precision in finding unknown theoretically stable materials, identifying 1569 materials that lie below the known convex hull of previously calculated materials from just 5675 ab initio calculations. Our approach opens up fundamental advances in computational materials discovery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE , 2022. Vol. 8, no 30, article id eabn4117
National Category
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187733DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abn4117ISI: 000836554300009PubMedID: 35895811OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-187733DiVA, id: diva2:1691369
Note

Funding Agencies|Winton Programme for the Physics of Sustainability; Royal Society; Swiss National Science Foundation [P2BSP2_191736]; Swedish Research Council (VR) [2020-05402]; Swedish e-Science Centre (SeRC); Swedish Research Council [2018-05973]

Available from: 2022-08-30 Created: 2022-08-30 Last updated: 2022-08-30

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