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Informational masking and listening effort in speech recognition innoise: the role of working memory capacity and inhibitory control in older adults with and without hearing impairmen
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0369-3354
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2379-9201
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Sensory Organs and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. University of Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0624-2495
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 65, no 11, p. 4417-4428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The study aimed to assess the relationship between 1) speech-recognition-in-noise, mask type, working memory capacity (WMC), inhibitory control, and 2) self-rated listening effort, speech material, and mask type, in older adults with and without hearing-impairment. It was of special interest to assess the relationship between WMC, inhibitory control, and speech-recognition-in-noise when informational maskers masked target speech.

Method: A mixed design was used. A group (N= 24) of older (mean age = 69.7 years) HI individuals, and a group of age-normal hearing adults (mean age = 59.3 years, SD = 6.5) participated in the study. The participants were presented with auditory tests in a sound attenuated room and the cognitive tests in a quiet office. The participants were asked to rate listening effort after being presented with energetic and informational background maskers in two different speech materials used in this study (i.e., Hearing in Noise Test and the Hagerman Test). Linear-Mixed Effects models were set up to assess the effect of the two different speech materials, energetic and informational maskers, hearing ability, WMC, inhibitory control, and self-rated listening effort.

Results: Results showed that WMC and inhibitory control was of importance for speech-recognition-in-noise, even when controlling for PTA4 (pure tone average 4) hearing thresholds and age, when the maskers were informational. Concerning listening effort, on the other hand,  the results suggest that hearing ability, but not cognitive abilities, is important for self-rated listening effort in speech-recognition-in-noise.

Conclusion: Speech-in-noise recognition is more dependent on WMC for older adults in informational maskers than in energetic maskers. Hearing ability is a stronger predictor than cognition for self-rated listening effort.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING ASSOC , 2022. Vol. 65, no 11, p. 4417-4428
Keywords [en]
speech-in-noise, hearing impairment, presbycusis, working memory capacity, inhibition, listening effort, speech recognition
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187061DOI: 10.1044/2022_JSLHR-21-00674ISI: 000891439000028PubMedID: 36283680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-187061DiVA, id: diva2:1694537
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2009-1753
Note

Funding: Swedish Research Council [421-2009-1753]

Available from: 2022-09-09 Created: 2022-09-09 Last updated: 2022-12-20

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Stenbäck, VictoriaMarsja, ErikHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta

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Stenbäck, VictoriaMarsja, ErikHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta
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Education, Teaching and LearningDisability Research DivisionFaculty of Arts and SciencesDivision of Sensory Organs and CommunicationFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of OtorhinolaryngologyThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
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Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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