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The coordination of technology development for complex products and systems innovations
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5427-3560
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2022 (English)In: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 37, no 13, p. 106-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore earlier stages of complex products and systems (CoPS) innovations, investigating how technology development can be coordinated. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses a case study methodology, adopting an abductive logic, characterized by a nonlinear and iterative process of systematic confrontations between theoretical framework, empirical fieldwork and case analysis. Specifically, the authors study the Swedish aerospace network, which distinctly represents the CoPS characteristics of intense technology development with long-term goals and project-based activities with universities, research institutes, small medium enterprises and leading firms. Findings By adding the network perspective in the CoPS literature, the authors found that technology development can be coordinated within the technological and the business dimensions and according to different strategic nets. Also, the authors found that strategic nets co-evolve when their related projects are connected and advance in maturity, and their actors change their network position. Originality/value Current research on CoPS often recognizes that the survival and growth of a firm depend on its ability to coordinate innovative projects that are usually implemented during technology development. The findings contribute to this literature by showing how such projects can be implemented through agenda construction and the simultaneous coordination of strategic nets, leading to the synchronization of resources and activities. As such, this studys framework offers a novel and integrative view of how the short-run and long-run strategies of leading firms can be aligned, and how other actors can contribute to the direction of the innovation path.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd , 2022. Vol. 37, no 13, p. 106-123
Keywords [en]
Technological innovation; Network coordination; Technology development; Complex product and systems; Strategic nets; Technology readiness levels
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-189456DOI: 10.1108/JBIM-07-2020-0327ISI: 000868684900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-189456DiVA, id: diva2:1705970
Available from: 2022-10-24 Created: 2022-10-24 Last updated: 2022-12-22
In thesis
1. Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Complex Product and Systems (CoPS) has been considered a cornerstone of a national innovation strategy. Telecommunications network systems, aircrafts, gas turbines and weapon systems are example of CoPS, and their management are characterized distinctly different from mass-market commodity goods. CoPS developments play an important role in shaping the modern industrial dynamics, since most, if not all, modern commodity goods and services depend on CoPS for their production. Following society’s increasing dependence on CoPS with ever increasing complexity, more research is needed to further uncover the innovation processes that occurs during the long-term evolution and maturation of technologies and tailored solutions needed for CoPS. This technology evolution, from the discovery of basic scientific principles until the development of technology demonstrators and products, usually happens within R&D projects executed and coordinated by a wide range of net-worked actors, from universities, SMEs, large firms, research institutes, industrial organizations and funding agencies.  

Hence, it is important to highlight the perspectives of networks and pro-jects to better understand the innovation process during the development of CoPS. In this context, this Thesis aims to explore the coordination of technology development addressing networks and projects, since the latter are usually considered the main unit of analysis for CoPS innovations and require high levels of coordination efforts within a network of diversified actors.   

For this purpose, a case study methodology is used with a systematic combining approach, where the theoretical framework, empirical fieldwork, and case analysis are continuously revisited in an iterative way.  

By describing and integrating the perspectives of networks and projects, it is suggested that projects are a crucial unit of analysis for understanding network dynamics since they are the mechanisms that enable inter-actions and collaborations for the development of relationships, which ultimately, creates a shared identity.  

The results show how diverse actors from different strategic nets can interact to develop a research agenda, coordinate the network of actors and direct the technology path where the research agenda potentially con-tributes to shape a network of R&D projects enabling the network actors to position and reposition themselves. Contributions are made to the CoPS literature and the dichotomy between managing within and managing of the network. It is discussed how network capabilities can be a key component in a network alignment process and their relationship with systems integration, the core capability of a CoPS leading firm. It is suggested that, when the networked actors want to improve their net-work position, they need to identify matching strategic nets, position themselves and contribute to the shaping of their value systems aligning with their strategies. In his context, the Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) become an essential tool to make this matching since it communicates to the whole network, the outputs of their efforts in a standardized way. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023. p. 131
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 2274
Keywords
Complex Product and Systems, CoPS, Networks, Projects, Technology, Technology Readiness Levels, TRL
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190717 (URN)10.3384/9789179295721 (DOI)9789179295714 (ISBN)9789179295721 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-02-16, ACAS, A-building, 317:868, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2022-12-23Bibliographically approved

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