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Network Alignment in Complex Product Systems: Shaping and Accessing External Resources
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5427-3560
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Annual Meeting Proceedings: Atlanta 2017 / [ed] Sonia Taneja, Academy of Management , 2017, Vol. 01, no 1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of network capabilities in Complex Product Systems (COPS) innovation. The paper is based on a qualitative case study on strategic innovation programs of the Swedish aerospace industry that have been implemented continuously in complementary and incremental versions since 1994. We capture the perspective of industry actors, governmental institutes, and science-based organizations inside the Swedish aerospace context. Based on the findings we: (1) extend the concept of network capabilities for COPS by arguing that they represent the abilities to shape (influence, adapt to, and assimilate) network resources in an explorative stage and access network resources in an exploitative stage; (2) propose the concept Network Alignment as the process to shape and access the network; (3) suggest that there is a positive relationship between network alignment and network outcomes. In addition, the paper provides a detailed account of how programs at low and medium Technology Readiness Levels can help to build network capabilities and, in turn, foster innovation in the aerospace industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management , 2017. Vol. 01, no 1
Series
Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561
Keywords [en]
Complex Product Systems, Network Alignment, Network Capabilities
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190713DOI: 10.5465/AMBPP.2017.15962abstractOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-190713DiVA, id: diva2:1721537
Conference
Academy of Management Conference, Atlanta, 3-8 August.
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2022-12-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Complex Product and Systems (CoPS) has been considered a cornerstone of a national innovation strategy. Telecommunications network systems, aircrafts, gas turbines and weapon systems are example of CoPS, and their management are characterized distinctly different from mass-market commodity goods. CoPS developments play an important role in shaping the modern industrial dynamics, since most, if not all, modern commodity goods and services depend on CoPS for their production. Following society’s increasing dependence on CoPS with ever increasing complexity, more research is needed to further uncover the innovation processes that occurs during the long-term evolution and maturation of technologies and tailored solutions needed for CoPS. This technology evolution, from the discovery of basic scientific principles until the development of technology demonstrators and products, usually happens within R&D projects executed and coordinated by a wide range of net-worked actors, from universities, SMEs, large firms, research institutes, industrial organizations and funding agencies.  

Hence, it is important to highlight the perspectives of networks and pro-jects to better understand the innovation process during the development of CoPS. In this context, this Thesis aims to explore the coordination of technology development addressing networks and projects, since the latter are usually considered the main unit of analysis for CoPS innovations and require high levels of coordination efforts within a network of diversified actors.   

For this purpose, a case study methodology is used with a systematic combining approach, where the theoretical framework, empirical fieldwork, and case analysis are continuously revisited in an iterative way.  

By describing and integrating the perspectives of networks and projects, it is suggested that projects are a crucial unit of analysis for understanding network dynamics since they are the mechanisms that enable inter-actions and collaborations for the development of relationships, which ultimately, creates a shared identity.  

The results show how diverse actors from different strategic nets can interact to develop a research agenda, coordinate the network of actors and direct the technology path where the research agenda potentially con-tributes to shape a network of R&D projects enabling the network actors to position and reposition themselves. Contributions are made to the CoPS literature and the dichotomy between managing within and managing of the network. It is discussed how network capabilities can be a key component in a network alignment process and their relationship with systems integration, the core capability of a CoPS leading firm. It is suggested that, when the networked actors want to improve their net-work position, they need to identify matching strategic nets, position themselves and contribute to the shaping of their value systems aligning with their strategies. In his context, the Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) become an essential tool to make this matching since it communicates to the whole network, the outputs of their efforts in a standardized way. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023. p. 131
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 2274
Keywords
Complex Product and Systems, CoPS, Networks, Projects, Technology, Technology Readiness Levels, TRL
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190717 (URN)10.3384/9789179295721 (DOI)9789179295714 (ISBN)9789179295721 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-02-16, ACAS, A-building, 317:868, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2022-12-23Bibliographically approved

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Franca, AdalbertoLakemond, NicoletteHolmberg, Gunnar

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