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Mechanisms of Innovation in Complex Products Systems: An Innovation System Approach
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5427-3560
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2017 (English)In: Conexões: Ciência e Tecnologia, ISSN 1982-176X, Vol. 34, no 01, p. 47-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A well-known strategy for driving innovation in the complex product systems (CoPS) industry is to stimulate the national institutions to follow a particular technology by using open innovation strategies. However, less is known about the mechanisms that CoPS organizations use to implement such strategies and how firms can stimulate the technology maturity process. Based on a study of the Swedish aerospace industry, we use a macro-level analysis in this paper to report a systemic approach in which the Swedish aerospace industry together with other national actors, such as universities, research institutes, and governmental agencies, leverage their capabilities and innovation.

Abstract [pt]

Uma estratégia bem conhecida no direcionamento dainovação em sistemas de produtos complexos (CoPS) é estimularinstituições nacionais a seguirem uma determinada tecnologiausando-se estratégias de inovação aberta. No entanto, pouco sesabe sobre quais mecanismos as organizações CoPS utilizampara implementar estas estratégias, e como as empresas podemestimular o processo de maturação tecnológica. Baseado em umestudo sobre a indústria aeroespacial Sueca, este artigo se utilizade uma macro-análise apresentando uma abordagem sistêmicaem que a indústria aeroespacial Sueca juntamente com outros atoresnacionais, como universidades, institutos de pesquisa e agênciasgovernamentais, impulsionam suas capacidades e a inovação.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 34, no 01, p. 47-54
Keywords [en]
Complex Product Systems, R&D Collaboration, Open Innovation, National Innovation Systems.
Keywords [pt]
Sistemas de Produtos Complexos, Colaboração em P&D, Inovação Aberta, Sistemas Nacionais de Inovação.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190716OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-190716DiVA, id: diva2:1721550
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2023-01-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): The Coordination of Technology Development within Networks and Projects
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Complex Product and Systems (CoPS) has been considered a cornerstone of a national innovation strategy. Telecommunications network systems, aircrafts, gas turbines and weapon systems are example of CoPS, and their management are characterized distinctly different from mass-market commodity goods. CoPS developments play an important role in shaping the modern industrial dynamics, since most, if not all, modern commodity goods and services depend on CoPS for their production. Following society’s increasing dependence on CoPS with ever increasing complexity, more research is needed to further uncover the innovation processes that occurs during the long-term evolution and maturation of technologies and tailored solutions needed for CoPS. This technology evolution, from the discovery of basic scientific principles until the development of technology demonstrators and products, usually happens within R&D projects executed and coordinated by a wide range of net-worked actors, from universities, SMEs, large firms, research institutes, industrial organizations and funding agencies.  

Hence, it is important to highlight the perspectives of networks and pro-jects to better understand the innovation process during the development of CoPS. In this context, this Thesis aims to explore the coordination of technology development addressing networks and projects, since the latter are usually considered the main unit of analysis for CoPS innovations and require high levels of coordination efforts within a network of diversified actors.   

For this purpose, a case study methodology is used with a systematic combining approach, where the theoretical framework, empirical fieldwork, and case analysis are continuously revisited in an iterative way.  

By describing and integrating the perspectives of networks and projects, it is suggested that projects are a crucial unit of analysis for understanding network dynamics since they are the mechanisms that enable inter-actions and collaborations for the development of relationships, which ultimately, creates a shared identity.  

The results show how diverse actors from different strategic nets can interact to develop a research agenda, coordinate the network of actors and direct the technology path where the research agenda potentially con-tributes to shape a network of R&D projects enabling the network actors to position and reposition themselves. Contributions are made to the CoPS literature and the dichotomy between managing within and managing of the network. It is discussed how network capabilities can be a key component in a network alignment process and their relationship with systems integration, the core capability of a CoPS leading firm. It is suggested that, when the networked actors want to improve their net-work position, they need to identify matching strategic nets, position themselves and contribute to the shaping of their value systems aligning with their strategies. In his context, the Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) become an essential tool to make this matching since it communicates to the whole network, the outputs of their efforts in a standardized way. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023. p. 131
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 2274
Keywords
Complex Product and Systems, CoPS, Networks, Projects, Technology, Technology Readiness Levels, TRL
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190717 (URN)10.3384/9789179295721 (DOI)9789179295714 (ISBN)9789179295721 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-02-16, ACAS, A-building, 317:868, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2022-12-23Bibliographically approved

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Franca, AdalbertoLakemond, NicoletteHolmberg, Gunnar

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