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Irrelevant changing-state vibrotactile stimuli disrupt verbal serial recall: implications for theories of interference in short-term memory
Human Factors Laboratory, School of Psychology and Computer Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK; Engineering Psychology, Humans and Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
École de Psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2379-9201
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

What causes interference in short-term memory? We report the novel finding that immediate memory for visually-presented verbal items is sensitive to disruption from task-irrelevant vibrotactile stimuli. Specifically, short-term memory for a visual sequence is disrupted by a concurrently presented sequence of vibrations, but only when the vibrotactile sequence entails change (when the sequence “jumps” between the two hands). The impact on visual-verbal serial recall was similar in magnitude to that for auditory stimuli (Experiment 1). Performance of the missing item task, requiring recall of item-identity rather than item-order, was unaffected by changing-state vibrotactile stimuli (Experiment 2), as with changing-state auditory stimuli. Moreover, the predictability of the changing-state sequence did not modulate the magnitude of the effect, arguing against an attention-capture conceptualisation (Experiment 3). Results support the view that interference in short-term memory is produced by conflict between incompatible, amodal serial-ordering processes (interference-by-process) rather than interference between similar representational codes (interference-by-content).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023.
Keywords [en]
short-term memory, vibrotactile, cross-modal interference, interference-by-process
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-193063DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2023.2198065ISI: 000970460400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-193063DiVA, id: diva2:1750176
Note

Funding: Forskningsradet for Arbetsliv och Socialvetenskap [2211-0505]; Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse [2014.0205]; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada [2020-05626]; Bial Foundation [201/20]; Swedish Research Council- Vetenskapsradet [2015-01116]

Available from: 2023-04-12 Created: 2023-04-12 Last updated: 2023-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Sörqvist, PatrikMarsja, Erik

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