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Energy-efficient physical vapor deposition of dense and hard Ti-Al-W-N coatings deposited under industrial conditions
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9237-6512
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Univ Illinois, IL 61801 USA; Natl Taiwan Univ Sci & Technol, Taiwan.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2955-4897
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3083-7536
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
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2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 227, artikkel-id 111753Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Decreasing the growth temperature to lower energy consumption and enable deposition on temperature-sensitive substrates during thin film growth by magnetron sputtering is crucial for sustainable develop-ment. High-mass metal ion irradiation of the growing film surface with ion energy controlled by metal-ion-synchronized biasing, allows to replace conventionally-used resistive heating, as was recently demonstrated in experiments involving a hybrid high-power impulse and dc magnetron co-sputtering (HiPIMS/DCMS) setup and stationary substrates. Here, we report the extension of the method to indus-trial scale conditions. As a model-case towards understanding the role of one-fold substrate rotation on Ti0.50Al0.50N film growth employing W irradiation, we investigate the effect of two parameters: W ion energy (controlled in the range 45 <= EW <= 630 eV by the amplitude of synchronized substrate bias voltage) and W ion dose per deposited metal atom (determined by the target power). We show that the efficient densification of coatings grown without external heating can be achieved by minimizing the thickness of DCMS-deposited Ti0.50Al0.50N layer that is exposed to an W ion flux, or by increasing EW, at a given Ti0.50Al0.50N thickness.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2023. Vol. 227, artikkel-id 111753
Emneord [en]
PVD; Energy-efficient; Industrial; Densification; Ion-irradiation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-194501DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2023.111753ISI: 000991271100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-194501DiVA, id: diva2:1766600
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council VR [2018-03957]; Swedish Energy Agency [51201-1]; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation [KAW2016.0358, KAW2019.0290]; Carl Tryggers Stiftelse [CTS 20:150]; Swedish Research Council (VR) [2019-00191, 2021-00357]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-06-13 Laget: 2023-06-13 Sist oppdatert: 2023-10-26

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