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Potential drivers of human tick-borne encephalitis in the orebro region of Sweden, 2010-2021
Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
Orebro Univ, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Dept Lab Med, Sweden.
Orebro Univ, Sweden.
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has increased during the last years in Scandinavia, but the underlying mechanism is not understood. TBE human case data reported between 2010 and 2021 were aggregated into postal codes within orebro County, south-central Sweden, along with tick abundance and environmental data to analyse spatial patterns and identify drivers of TBE. We identified a substantial and continuing increase of TBE incidence in orebro County during the study period. Spatial cluster analyses showed significant hotspots (higher number of cases than expected) in the southern and northern parts of orebro County, whereas a cold spot (lower number of cases than expected) was found in the central part comprising orebro municipality. Generalised linear models showed that the risk of acquiring TBE increased by 12.5% and 72.3% for every percent increase in relative humidity and proportion of wetland forest, respectively, whereas the risk decreased by 52.8% for every degree Celsius increase in annual temperature range. However, models had relatively low goodness of fit (R-2 < 0.27). Results suggest that TBE in orebro County is spatially clustered, however variables used in this study, i.e., climatic variables, forest cover, water, tick abundance, sheep as indicator species, alone do not explain this pattern.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
NATURE PORTFOLIO , 2023. Vol. 13, nr 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturgeografi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-194809DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-34675-xISI: 000987903400050PubMedID: 37169798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-194809DiVA, id: diva2:1767345
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS) [2016-01400]; Knowledge Foundation [20190091, 20200063]; European Union through the European Regional Development Fund; Interreg North Sea Region Programme 2014-2020 as part of the NorthTick project; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS) [38-2-7-19]; Division of Laboratory Medicine; Stiftelsen Marie-Claire Cronstedts minne; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; Region Joenkoeping County; Region OErebro; [931010]

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-14 Skapad: 2023-06-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-27

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