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SonAir: the design of a sonification of radar data for air traffic control
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5874-6356
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2849-6146
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8862-7331
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9466-9826
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2023 (English)In: Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces, ISSN 1783-7677, E-ISSN 1783-8738, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 137-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Along with the increase of digitalization and automation, a new kind of working environment is emerging in the field of air traffic control. Instead of situating the control tower at the airport, it is now possible to remotely control the airport at any given location, i.e. in a remote tower center (RTC). However, by controlling the airport remotely, the situational awareness and sense of presence might be compromised. By using directional sound, a higher situational awareness could potentially be achieved while also offloading the visual perception which is heavily used in air traffic control. Suitable use cases for sonification in air traffic control were found through workshops with air traffic controllers. A sonification design named SonAir was developed based on the outcome of the workshops, and was integrated with an RTC simulator for evaluating to what degree SonAir could support air traffic controllers in their work. The results suggest that certain aspects of SonAir could be useful for air traffic controllers. A continuous sonification where the spatial positioning of aircraft were conveyed was experienced to be partially useful, but the intrusiveness of SonAir should be further considered to fit the air traffic controllers’ needs. An earcon that conveyed when an aircraft enters the airspace and from which direction was considered useful to support situational awareness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2023. Vol. 17, no 3, p. 137-149
Keywords [en]
Sonification; Air traffic control; Situational awareness; User evaluation
National Category
Media Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-196256DOI: 10.1007/s12193-023-00404-xISI: 001021523300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-196256DiVA, id: diva2:1781408
Note

Funding: Swedish Transport Authority [TRV-2019/53555]; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation [KAW 2019.0024]

Available from: 2023-07-08 Created: 2023-07-08 Last updated: 2023-12-07

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Elmquist, EliasBock, AlexanderLundberg, JonasYnnerman, AndersRönnberg, Niklas

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