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Cotone funzionalizzato con nanoparticelle d'oro come promettente substrato flessibile ed ecologico per il rilevamento impedometrico di COV [Gold Nanoparticles-Functionalized Cotton as Promising Flexible and Green Substrate for Impedometric VOC Detection]
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials CNR-ISMN, Italy.
Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials CNR-ISMN.
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
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2023 (Italian)In: Materials, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 16, article id 5826Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
Climate Improvements, Environmental work
Abstract [it]

Questo lavoro si concentra sulla possibile applicazione di nanoparticelle d'oro su tessuti di cotone flessibili come substrati sensibili all'acetone e all'etanolo mediante misurazioni di impedenza. Nello specifico, nanoparticelle d'oro (NP Au) funzionalizzate con citrato e polivinilpirrolidone (PVP) sono state sintetizzate utilizzando procedure verdi e consolidate e depositate su tessuto di cotone. Una caratterizzazione strutturale e morfologica completa è stata condotta utilizzando la spettroscopia UV-VIS e infrarossa a trasformata di Fourier (FT-IR), la microscopia a forza atomica (AFM) e la microscopia elettronica a scansione (SEM). Una caratterizzazione dielettrica dettagliata del substrato vuoto ha rivelato effetti di polarizzazione interfacciale legati sia alle NP Au che alla loro specifica funzionalizzazione superficiale. Ad esempio, rivestendo interamente il tessuto di cotone (ovvero creando una matrice più isolante), è stato riscontrato che il PVP aumenta la resistenza del campione, ovvero diminuisce l'interconnessione elettrica delle NP Au rispetto al campione funzionalizzato con citrato. Tuttavia, è stato osservato che la funzionalizzazione del citrato ha fornito una distribuzione uniforme delle NP Au, che ha ridotto la loro spaziatura e, quindi, facilitato il trasporto degli elettroni. Per quanto riguarda il rilevamento dei composti organici volatili (COV), le misurazioni della spettroscopia di impedenza elettrochimica (EIS) hanno mostrato che il legame idrogeno e la risultante impedenza di migrazione protonica sono fondamentali per distinguere l'etanolo dall'acetone. 

Abstract [en]

This work focuses on the possible application of gold nanoparticles on flexible cotton fabric as acetone- and ethanol-sensitive substrates by means of impedance measurements. Specifically, citrate- and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were synthesized using green and well-established procedures and deposited on cotton fabric. A complete structural and morphological characterization was conducted using UV-VIS and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A detailed dielectric characterization of the blank substrate revealed interfacial polarization effects related to both Au NPs and their specific surface functionalization. For instance, by entirely coating the cotton fabric (i.e., by creating a more insulating matrix), PVP was found to increase the sample resistance, i.e., to decrease the electrical interconnection of Au NPs with respect to citrate functionalized sample. However, it was observed that citrate functionalization provided a uniform distribution of Au NPs, which reduced their spacing and, therefore, facilitated electron transport. Regarding the detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements showed that hydrogen bonding and the resulting proton migration impedance are instrumental in distinguishing ethanol and acetone. Such findings can pave the way for the development of VOC sensors integrated into personal protective equipment and wearable telemedicine devices. This approach may be crucial for early disease diagnosis based on nanomaterials to attain low-cost/low-end and easy-to-use detectors of breath volatiles as disease markers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2023. Vol. 16, article id 5826
Keywords [en]
gold nanoparticle (AuNP); volatile organic compound (VOC); cotton; impedance measurements; citrate; PVP
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-197203DOI: 10.3390/ma16175826ISI: 001062090900001PubMedID: 37687519OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-197203DiVA, id: diva2:1791639
Note

Funding: The authors thanks T. De Caro, A. Brotzu, L. Zortea, and L. Cerri for their technical support in Raman, SEM, and AFM measurements.

Available from: 2023-08-25 Created: 2023-08-25 Last updated: 2024-01-17

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Puglisi, Donatella

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