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Implementation of information and communication technology to facilitate participation in high school occupations for students with neurodevelopmental disorders
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1073-1977
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1545-3876
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

PurposeInformation and communication technology (ICT) has been proposed to enable an inclusive learning environment and increased participation for students with special educational needs. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceived need for ICT before and after an individualized ICT intervention among high school students with neurodevelopmental disorders and describe how the ICT was used to improve participation in school activities.Materials and methodsThis mixed-method study, with a one-group pre- and post-test design, included 99 high school students with neurodevelopmental disorders. Data from questionnaires and assessments using the School Setting Interview (SSI) were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Deductive content analysis was performed on written notes in the SSI assessment.ResultsThe results showed that students median number of perceived needs for ICT in school activities had decreased from six needs at baseline to one need at follow-up (t16.5 df(98), p<.001). There were five SSI items for which over 50% of the students perceived a need for ICT, with most students (95%) needing support in the item Remember things. Students received a laptop, tablet or smartphone (95%), software for planning or structure (84%) and ICT for writing and reading (66%). The ICT facilitated participation in multiple school activities, providing reminders and structure, facilitating notetaking and improving spelling. After the ICT intervention, students (61%) experienced improved study results and improved ability to manage difficult school situations (68%).ConclusionTo conclude, an individualized ICT intervention as support to increase school participation is promising among high school students with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC , 2023.
Nyckelord [en]
ADHD; assistive technology; autism spectrum; education; inclusion; >
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-197463DOI: 10.1080/17483107.2023.2244978ISI: 001049138200001PubMedID: 37589426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-197463DiVA, id: diva2:1794553
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-06 Skapad: 2023-09-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05

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Yngve, MoaLidström, Helene
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