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“It’s ok that I feel like this”: a qualitative study of adolescents’ and parents’ experiences of facilitators, mechanisms of change and outcomes in a joint emotion regulation group skills training
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1312-5553
Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Norrköping.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Barnafrid. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
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2023 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 591Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundEmotion regulation difficulties underlie several psychiatric conditions, and treatments that focus on improving emotion regulation can have an effect on a broad range of symptoms. However, participants in-depth experiences of participating in emotion regulation treatments have not been much studied. In this qualitative study, we investigated participants experiences of a joint emotion regulation group skills training in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient setting.MethodsTwenty-one participants (10 adolescents and 11 parents) were interviewed about their experiences after they had participated in a seven-session transdiagnostic emotion regulation skills training for adolescents and parents. The aim of the skills training was to decrease emotion regulation difficulties, increase emotional awareness, reduce psychiatric symptoms, and enhance quality of life. The skills training consisted of psychoeducation about emotions and skills for regulating emotions. The interviews were transcribed and analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.ResultsThe analysis resulted in three overarching themes: Parent - Child processes, Individual processes, and Group processes. The result showed that participants considered an improved parent-child relationship to be the main outcome. Increased knowledge, emotion regulation skills and behavioural change were conceptualised as both mechanisms of change and outcomes. The group format, and the fact that parents and adolescents participated together, were seen as facilitators. Furthermore, the participants experienced targeting emotions in skills training as meaningful and helpful.ConclusionThe results highlight the potential benefits of providing emotion regulation skills training for adolescents and parents together in a group format to improve the parent-child relationship and enable the opportunity to learn skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2023. Vol. 23, no 1, article id 591
Keywords [en]
Emotion regulation; Skills training; Adolescents; Outcomes; Mechanisms of change; Facilitators
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-197479DOI: 10.1186/s12888-023-05080-5ISI: 001049363100006PubMedID: 37582695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-197479DiVA, id: diva2:1794567
Available from: 2023-09-06 Created: 2023-09-06 Last updated: 2024-04-16

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Holmqvist Larsson, KristinaThunberg, M.Münger, Ann-CharlotteAndersson, GerhardFalkenström, FredrikZetterqvist, Maria
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Center for Social and Affective NeuroscienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in LinköpingDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in NorrköpingBarnafridPsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
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