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The Perfect Match! A Review and Tutorial on Issues Related to Matching Groups in Investigations of Children with Neurodevelopmental Conditions
Open Univ, England; City Univ London, England.
City Univ London, England.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0446-0827
2023 (English)In: Brain Sciences, ISSN 2076-3425, E-ISSN 2076-3425, Vol. 13, no 10, article id 1377Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research concerned with children and young people who have neurodevelopmental disabilities (ND) in relation to early language acquisition usually involves comparisons with matched group(s) of typically developing individuals. In these studies, several important and complex issues need to be addressed. Three major issues are related to: (1) the choice of a variables on which to carry out group matching; (2) recruiting children into the study; and (3) the statistical analysis of the data. To assist future research on this topic, we discuss each of these three issues and provide recommendations about what we believe to be the best course of action. To provide a comprehensive review of the methodological issues, we draw on research beyond the topic of early language acquisition. Our overall aim is to contribute to research that considers questions about delay or differences in development patterns of development and about identifying potentially causal variables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2023. Vol. 13, no 10, article id 1377
Keywords [en]
group matching; language acquisition; group comparisons; neurodevelopmental conditions
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199254DOI: 10.3390/brainsci13101377ISI: 001092491500001PubMedID: 37891746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-199254DiVA, id: diva2:1813937
Note

Funding Agencies|Many thanks to Michaela Socher who read and made very useful comments on an earlier version of our manuscript.

Available from: 2023-11-22 Created: 2023-11-22 Last updated: 2023-11-22

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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