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Identification of microbial pathogens in Neolithic Scandinavian humans
Stockholm Univ, Sweden; Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Sweden.
Mersin Univ, Turkiye.
Lund Univ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Bioinformatics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7868-034X
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2024 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 5630Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With the Neolithic transition, human lifestyle shifted from hunting and gathering to farming. This change altered subsistence patterns, cultural expression, and population structures as shown by the archaeological/zooarchaeological record, as well as by stable isotope and ancient DNA data. Here, we used metagenomic data to analyse if the transitions also impacted the microbiome composition in 25 Mesolithic and Neolithic hunter-gatherers and 13 Neolithic farmers from several Scandinavian Stone Age cultural contexts. Salmonella enterica, a bacterium that may have been the cause of death for the infected individuals, was found in two Neolithic samples from Battle Axe culture contexts. Several species of the bacterial genus Yersinia were found in Neolithic individuals from Funnel Beaker culture contexts as well as from later Neolithic context. Transmission of e.g. Y. enterocolitica may have been facilitated by the denser populations in agricultural contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PORTFOLIO , 2024. Vol. 14, no 1, article id 5630
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202284DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-56096-0ISI: 001185083700029PubMedID: 38453993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-202284DiVA, id: diva2:1850134
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC) at Uppsala Multidisciplinary Center for Advanced Computational Science (Uppmax) [SNIC 2021/5-335, SNIC 2021/6-260, SNIC 2022/5-100, SNIC 2022/6-46, SNIC 2022/22-507, SNIC 2022/23-275]; Swedish Research Council [2018-05973, 2019-00849, 2017-02503]; Mersin University BAP [2019-3-AP3-3729]; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, National Bioinformatics Infrastructure Sweden at SciLifeLab; Riksbankens Jubileumsfond [P21-0266, P19.0740:1]

Available from: 2024-04-09 Created: 2024-04-09 Last updated: 2024-04-09

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