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Symptoms and signs did not predict outcome after surgery: a prospective study of 143 patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för neurobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurologiska kliniken i Linköping.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7504-8354
Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, ISSN 0340-5354, E-ISSN 1432-1459Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

ObjectiveTo determine the utility of symptoms, signs, comorbidities and background variables for the prediction of outcome of treatment in iNPH. MethodsA prospective observational study of consecutively included iNPH patients, who underwent neurological, physiotherapeutic and neuropsychological assessments before and after shunt surgery. The primary outcome measure was the total change on the iNPH scale, and patients were defined as improved postoperatively if they had improved by at least five points on that scale. Results143 iNPH patients were included, and 73% of those were improved after surgery. None of the examined symptoms or signs could predict which patients would improve after shunt surgery. A dominant subjective complaint of memory problems at baseline was predictive of non-improvement. The reported comorbidities, duration of symptoms and BMI were the same in improved and non-improved patients. Each of the symptom domains (gait, neuropsychology, balance, and continence) as well as the total iNPH scale score improved significantly (from median 53 to 69, p < 0.001). The proportions of patients with shuffling gait, broad-based gait, paratonic rigidity and retropulsion all decreased significantly. DiscussionThis study confirms that the recorded clinical signs, symptoms, and impairments in the adopted clinical tests are characteristic findings in iNPH, based on that most of them improved after shunt surgery. However, our clinical data did not enable predictions of whether patients would respond to shunt surgery, indicating that the phenotype is unrelated to the reversibility of the iNPH state and should mainly support diagnosis. Absence of specific signs should not be used to exclude patients from treatment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG , 2024.
Nyckelord [en]
Hydrocephalus; Normal pressure hydrocephalus; Cognitive disorders and dementia; Ataxia and gait disorders
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202295DOI: 10.1007/s00415-024-12248-wISI: 001175318700003PubMedID: 38438818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-202295DiVA, id: diva2:1850273
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Funding Agencies|Stiftelsen Edit Jakobssons Donationsfond

Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-10 Skapad: 2024-04-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-10

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Laurell, Katarina
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Avdelningen för neurobiologiMedicinska fakultetenNeurologiska kliniken i Linköping
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Journal of Neurology
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