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Learner drivers and lay instruction: how socio-economic standing and lifestyle are reflected in driving practice from the age of 16
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
1999 (engelsk)Inngår i: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 167-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

On September 1st 1993, a new law came into effect in Sweden, permitting instructor-supported driving practice from the age of 16 instead of 17 years and 6 months. The intention was to enable young people to gain more experience of driving a car before they acquire a driver's permit and thereby to reduce their accident risk.

The study was conducted by means of a questionnaire posted to 601 17-year-olds throughout Sweden. The participants were analysed concerning gender, socio-economic standing (blue-collar and white-collar), and lifestyle (friend-oriented, externally-oriented and parent-oriented). The results show that men obtain a learner's permit more often than women (67.4% vs 57.2%) and that youngsters in white-collar families acquire a learner's permit in more cases than those in blue-collar families (67.4% vs 52.4%). One of the reasons for the latter group not acquiring a permit is that they cannot afford it, while children in white-collar families state that they have neither the time nor the desire. No significant difference was found between the three lifestyle groups.

When it comes to the amount of practice, the men have been out on the road on average 39.9 h during their first 13 months, compared to 19.9 h for the women. In the lifestyle groups, those who belong to the so-called externally-oriented lifestyle have practised most. They have reported 39.2 h compared to the parent-oriented group with the least amount of training, 27.9 h on average. The friend-oriented group has 22.2 h of practice.

When both lifestyle and socio-economic standing were considered, even greater differences were found. The white-collar group of the externally-oriented lifestyle reported as much as 51.5 h, compared to the blue-collar group of the parent-oriented lifestyle with only 18.4 h of practising.

The above result is important because it is not in accordance with the intentions of the new driving practice system. The idea behind the new system was that all young people should have the opportunity for a longer period of driving practice in order to reduce the high accident risk during the first year with a driver’s license. If it is impossible for certain groups of youngsters to start their driving practice at the age of 16, the situation will become socially unjust and measures must be taken to remedy this situation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
1999. Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 167-179
Emneord
Driver education; Driver training; Learner driver; Lifestyle; Socioeconomy
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13574DOI: 10.1016/S1369-8478(99)00014-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13574DiVA, id: diva2:20977
Tilgjengelig fra: 2001-04-19 Laget: 2001-04-19
Inngår i avhandling
1. Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
2001 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Every year, drivers throughout the world are killed or injured in road traffic, particularly in developing countries. Young drivers run a greater risk everywhere, and this problem is still largely unsolved. Better understanding of the underlying processes could, however, be a useful tool in preventive endeavours. The aim of this thesis is to elucidate some of the accident problem among young car drivers. The focus is on understanding how lifestyle and other social and demographical factors influence the health of young people in terms of mobility and safety. Better knowledge of these factors makes it possible to design safety measures specially tailored for different subgroups. This is expected to help make the measures more effective and reduce the conflict between mobility and safety.

The thesis is based on five studies, the first of which focuses on the factors that influence young people in their decision concerning whether or not to obtain a driving licence (Paper I). In the second study, focus lies on how groups with different lifestyles and socio-economic background start practice driving and the benefit derived from the opportunity to practise from the age of 16 (Paper II). The third study aims at visualising accident patterns during driving practice (Paper III) while the fourth evaluates the effects of a reform that lowered the age limit for practice driving to 16 (Paper IV). The last study aims at analysing the relation between the lifestyles of young drivers and accidents (Paper V).

The results of the five studies underlines the complexity of the young driver problem. Many factors such as financial means, time and norms influence how many people take their licence and consequentially, safety and health (I). Socio-economic background together with lifestyle influences the possibility of obtaining a driving licence and of accumulating extensive driving practice (II), which is relevant as regards safety on the road for newly qualified drivers (IV). Paper III shows the prevalent accident pattern during driver training and Paper V shows that the accident risk is different in different lifestyle groups.

The combined results presented in the five papers offers the possibility of developing different countermeasures for the selective influencing of different groups under different conditions. If this is adapted as closely as possible to target groups and situations, it should be possible to significantly enhance safety without losing much of young drivers’ mobility, both during driving practice and afterwards.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2001. s. 47
Serie
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 665
Emneord
novice drivers, security, health, accidents
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5037 (URN)91-7219-958-X (ISBN)
Disputas
2001-04-06, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (engelsk)
Merknad

On the day of the public defence of the doctoral thesis the status of the articles I was: Under review and article II was: Submitted. The titel of article III was "Typical accident patterns during driver training in Sweden – an explorative study using correspondence analysis". Aricle I and III are published in full text.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2001-04-19 Laget: 2001-04-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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