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The Role of Causal Attribution and Self-Focused Attention for Shyness
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för kognition, utveckling och handikapp (CDD). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
2006 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)Alternativ tittel
Betydelsen av attribution och självfokuserad uppmärksamhet för blyghet (svensk)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna avhandling var att undersöka på vilket sätt och i vilken utsträckning blyga personer skiljer sig från icke-blyga personer med avseende på deras attributionsmönster. Resultaten från 3 kvantitativa och 1 kvalitativ studie visar en något annorlunda bild av hur blyghet relaterar till social kognition jämfört med tidigare forskning i området. Följande 4 huvudsakliga slutsatser drogs. (1) Blyga personer har inte nödvändigtvis en snedvriden social kognition eftersom de uppvisade en mindre aktörs–observatörsskillnad jämfört med icke-blyga personer. (2) Det är sannolikt att blyga och självfokuserade personer bedömer sina emotionella reaktioner som orsakade av stabila interna orsaker snarare än mindre stabila interna och externa orsaker. Om blyga personer är mindre självfokuserade så tenderar dessa personer ändå att uppvisa detta attributionsmönster. (3) Blyghet snarare än beteendemässig inhibition har betydelse för vilka orsaker som tillskrivs emotionella reaktioner medan blyghet och beteendemässig inhibition interagerar när det gäller i vilken grad fritt valda orsaker upplevs vara orsakade av interna respektive externa faktorer. En slutsats av dessa resultat är att fortsatt forskning bör fokusera hur människor i sin vardag förklarar sina egna och andra människors beteenden och reaktioner. (4) Mycket blyga personer kan uppleva identitetsförvirring samt kan ha en ambivalent önskan om att vara blyg samtidigt som blygheten försvinner. Trots att dessa resultat pekar på ganska allvarliga konsekvenser av att vara blyg så verkar blyghet generellt betraktas i ett ganska positivt ljus.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and to what degree shy individuals differ from non-shy individuals regarding their attributional patterns. The results from 3 quantitative and 1 qualitative study paint a somewhat different picture of how shyness is associated with social cognition compared to previous research in the field. The following 4 main conclusions were drawn. (1) Being shy does not necessarily imply distorted social cognitions since shy people exhibited less of a self–other difference compared to non-shy people. (2) Being self-focused and shy means that emotional reactions are likely to be perceived as caused by stable internal causes rather than less stable internal and external causes. If shy people are self-focused to a lesser extent there is still a tendency for these individuals to exhibit this attributional pattern. (3) Shyness is more important than behavioral inhibition in determining ascriptions of causes to emotional reactions, whereas shyness and behavioral inhibition interact in determining people’s perceptions of the degree to which freely chosen causes are caused by internal and external factors, respectively. One conclusion of these findings is that future research needs to focus on how people in everyday life really explain their own and other people’s behaviors and reactions. (4) Very shy people can experience identity confusion as well as a conflicting wish to stay shy and to overcome shyness at the same time. Even though these results imply quite severe consequences of being shy, in general shyness seems to be viewed in quite a positive light.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2006. , s. 82 + studies 1-4
Serie
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 356Linköping Studies in Education and Psychology, ISSN 1102-7517 ; 108
Emneord [en]
Shyness, self-focused attention, behavioral inhibition, attribution, internal causes, external causes
Emneord [sv]
Blyghet, självfokuserad uppmärksamhet, beteendemässig inhibition, attribution, interna orsaker, externa orsaker
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-6455ISBN: 9185523739 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-6455DiVA, id: diva2:21828
Disputas
2006-06-02, I:101, Ingvar, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-12 Laget: 2006-05-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Attributions of shyness–resembling behaviors by shy and non–shy individuals
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Attributions of shyness–resembling behaviors by shy and non–shy individuals
1999 (engelsk)Inngår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 575-585Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Shy and non-shy individuals attributions of shyness-resembling behaviors in scenarios involving either themselves or other, hypothetical, people were studied through the use of a questionnaire. The participants were Swedish high-school students who rated the extent to which a number of such behaviors could be explained by four different causes, two internal (shyness and lack of interest) and two external (other persons and situational circumstances) causes. The results showed that shy participants attributed their own shyness-resembling behaviors to internal causes to a higher degree than did non-shy participants. Furthermore, non-shy participants attributed their own behaviors to external rather than internal causes, whereas shy participants judged internal and external causes to be about equally good explanations of their own behaviors. Both shy and non-shy participants attributed other peoples behaviors to internal rather than external causes. The differences between shy and non-shy participants were discussed in terms of differences in focus of attention, meaning that shy individuals seem to be much more self-focused than non-shy ones.

Emneord
Shyness; Attribution; Causal locus; Self–other difference; Actor–observer difference
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13840 (URN)10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00267-0 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-12 Laget: 2006-05-12 Sist oppdatert: 2009-02-04
2. The Role of Shyness and Self–Focused Attention for Attribution of Reactions in Social Situations to Internal and External Causes
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Role of Shyness and Self–Focused Attention for Attribution of Reactions in Social Situations to Internal and External Causes
2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 48, nr 6, s. 519-527Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The hypothesis that shyness would be associated with attribution of emotional reactions to stable internal causes rather than to less stable internal and external causes was tested in Study 1 (N = 60). In Study 2 (N= 112) the hypothesis that the explanatory power of shyness would decrease once the effect of self-focused attention on attribution to stable internal causes had been controlled for was tested. The results confirmed both hypotheses. Shyness correlated positively with attribution to stable internal causes, but non-significant with attribution to less stable internal and external causes. Shyness explained a lesser portion of the variance in attribution to both of the internal causes when controlling for self-focus. Even though the findings indicate that self-focus is central to the social cognitive processes of shy individuals, they also suggest that self-focus cannot fully explain attribution to internal causes in general and shy individuals' attributional pattern in particular.

Emneord
Shyness, attribution, internal causes, external causes, emotional reactions, self-focused attention
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13841 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00607.x (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-12 Laget: 2006-05-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13
3. The Role of Shyness and Behavioral Inhibition for Attribution of Emotional Reactions and Ratings of Degree of Internality
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Role of Shyness and Behavioral Inhibition for Attribution of Emotional Reactions and Ratings of Degree of Internality
2006 (engelsk)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Submitted
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13842 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-12 Laget: 2006-05-12
4. Tales from the shy: Interviews with self– and peer rated, shy and non–shy individuals concerning their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in social situationsbehaviors in social situations
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Tales from the shy: Interviews with self– and peer rated, shy and non–shy individuals concerning their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in social situationsbehaviors in social situations
2006 (engelsk)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Submitted
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13843 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-12 Laget: 2006-05-12

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