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Collaborative Product Introduction within Extended Enterprises
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1646-5817
2005 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The trend of outsourcing within the electronic industry has contributed to the creation of new types of extended enterprises. These extended enterprises must be able to manage a challenging situation with shorter product life cycles and increased collaboration between companies during the vital product introduction process. For the electronic industry, which is currently acting in an “era of hyper-competition”, it is a challenge to implement an efficient and flexible collaboration within an extended enterprise during the product introduction process. In the product introduction process, a product design is prepared for and transferred into production.

During the course of this research, the electronic industry has changed continuously. Empirical data were first collected within an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) that was responsible for its own production. Based on a strategic decision at the OEM, a new extended enterprise was established. In general, these new extended enterprises within the electronic industry consist of: a “product owner” in the form of an OEM that owns the product design and its brand; a “producer” in the form of an Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) company that is responsible for the production; and suppliers of services, material, components, equipment etc. However, in the later stages of this research the studied EMS was responsible for the product introduction, production and distribution of the product to the end user. In order to compare and contrast trends and lessons learned in similar industries, case studies within the mechanical engineering and aerospace industries also were performed.

The dissertation primarily describes the process of collaborative product introduction (PI) within the electronic industry, and presents among other things a number of general conditions for efficient collaborative PI within an EE in that industry. First, a clearly communicated definition of what is included in product introduction is needed. A second condition is that early participation from all involved partners in the EE’s product introduction process supports efficient collaboration. Third, clear communication and information handling within the extended enterprise – both internally and externally – was found to facilitate collaboration. Fourth, business approaches should be built on trust, reliability and respect for each other’s competence. Finally, the importance of cultural awareness, both between different companies and countries, cannot be ignored. This research also presents a framework for supporting collaborative product introduction within an extended enterprise, which serves to both synthesize and summarize much of the research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik , 2005.
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 943
Nyckelord [en]
Technology, Outsourcing, Electronic industry, Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS), Product Introduction (PI), Product introduction, Industrialization, Collaboration, Extended Enterprises, Company networks, Production Engineering
Nyckelord [sv]
TEKNIKVETENSKAP
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7668ISBN: 91-85297-94-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-7668DiVA, id: diva2:22658
Disputation
2005-06-10, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
On the day of the public defence the status of article VIII was Accepted and the title was "Coordination in Collaborative Manufacturing Mega-Networks: Observations from a Case in the Commercial Aerospace Industry".Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
Delarbeten
1. An economic analysis of investment in an assembly line: Case study at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, Linköping, Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>An economic analysis of investment in an assembly line: Case study at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, Linköping, Sweden
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of ICPR-16 / [ed] Daniel Hanus, Jaroslav Talácko, 2001Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

During the last four years the global annual production of mobile telephones has increased four times. To Ericsson Mobile Communications AB's supply unit in Linköping, Sweden, this has been a tremendous challenge. The supply unit has increased the produced volume of mobile telephones six times during this period at the same premises. The strategy for the production-engineering depattment was to change the manual assembly line into an automated assembly line. The automated assembly line was built up with SONY smart cells. During 1998 the volumes increased rapidly and the automation strategy where copied to the test stations for the mobile telephones.

This paper discusses the importance of how to link a manufacturing strategy to economical calculations. A case study at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB shows how financial calculations was used when changing from manual testing to automated testing of mobile telephones. Even though all benefits were not accounted for. the studied automation project for automated board test had a calculated pay back period of 7 months. The decreasing production volumes for mobile telephones made that the real yearly cost for the investment increased dramatically compared to the calculated investment cost. The decision-makers need to analyze the risks in an investment calculation due to the uncettai.nty in data used in the calculations. For example, it can be difficult to analyze the risks depending on the difficulty to predict the development for the product market and the future product volumes. The investment calculation result can also differ depending on who is delivering the numerical data that are included in the calculations.

Nyckelord
Manufacturing strategy, Production economy
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14108 (URN)
Konferens
ICPR-16: 16th International Conference on Production Research, 29 July-3 August 2001, Prague, Czech Republic
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
2. Towards the mass customization of mobile telephones: current strategy and scenarios for realization at Ericsson
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards the mass customization of mobile telephones: current strategy and scenarios for realization at Ericsson
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Production Research, 2001Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The paradigm of Mass Production is being challenged in a number of industries where fragmented markets and the customer's desire for individualized products have become the norm. In the largest consumer electronics industry in the world, that of mobile telephones, manufacturers are well aware of these trends. Many of these same manufacturers are responding with Mass Customization, which has been defined as customized production at Mass Production efficiency and speed. This research, conducted at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB in Sweden, explores the implications of implementing a Mass Customization strategy for the production of mobile telephones. The paper begins with an objective presentation of Mass Customization, which lays the foundation for a discussion of the strategy's applicability at Ericsson and in the mobile telephone industry as a whole. The study focused on the past, present, and projected roles of customized production at the company, and investigated its potential for Mass Customization in the future. Two frameworks from the customized manufacturing literature guided the data collection and analysis in the case. Findings from the study point towards minimal, yet increasing customization at Ericsson, and highlight recent efforts towards the realization of increasingly customer-focused production there. The applicability of different Mass Customization scenarios for Ericsson and its industry is also discussed.

Nyckelord
manufacturing strategy, mass customization, mobile communications industry
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14109 (URN)
Konferens
The 16th International Conference on Production Research, 29 July - 3 August, Prague, Czech Republic
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
3. Product introduction within extended enterprises
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Product introduction within extended enterprises
2002 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of ISCE’02 International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, Ilmenau, Germany, 2002Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The outsourcing trend within the electronic industry during the last decade has founded new company networks - so called extended enterprises (EEs). Future products will, to a higher degree. be jointly developed and produced within these EEs consisting of product owners. producers and suppliers. The transfer of a design into production - product introduction (PI) or industrialization - needs to be suitable for co-operation within EEs with the aim of shorten the time from concept to volume production.

This paper will describe PI within an EE relevant for the electronic industry. A definition of the PI process will be presented. Furthermore. a performed case study gives the following overall and fundamental criteria to consider working with PI within EEs. 1) A clear definition of what is included in PI, 2) Early participation of all participants in the product development project. 3) Clear cormmmication and information handling within the EE and 4) Business approach build on trust. reliability and respect for each other's competence.

Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14110 (URN)
Konferens
IEEE Internationa Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCS'02), 24-26 September 2002. Ilmenau, Germany
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
4. From mass production to mass customization: enabling perspectives from the Swedish mobile telephone industry
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>From mass production to mass customization: enabling perspectives from the Swedish mobile telephone industry
2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 362-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Much has been written about the conceptual nature of mass customization, and the success of several best business practitioners in the area have been well documented. Most companies, however, are not textbook examples of best practice, but rather are making incremental progress towards mass customization based on a mass-production heritage. This paper presents the findings of a case study that investigated a mass customization initiative at a leading mobile telephone manufacturer in Sweden. The primary objective of the study was to determine the implications of a radically new manufacturing initiative for the company – the production of a customized, entry-level mobile telephone. The differences between the traditional scenario of the mass production of standardized products at the company and that of the new customized production were also sought. The findings of the study, which are presented using the product, process and system perspectives, are aided by a number of customization-related frameworks from the literature. The discussion includes the impact of moving the customization order point downstream in the value chain in terms of increased efficiency and reduced lead times, the reduced requirement for manufacturing flexibility with shifting production system boundaries, and the company's status as a mass customizer.

Nyckelord
mass customization, strategy, product design, process design, system design, case studies
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14111 (URN)10.1080/0953728042000238836 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13
5. Conflicting goals in Concurrent Engineering: Case Studies from Product Introduction within Extended Enterprises
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conflicting goals in Concurrent Engineering: Case Studies from Product Introduction within Extended Enterprises
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, July 26-30, Madeira, Portugal, 2003Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14112 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
6. Methods for cooperative product development in extended enterprises
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Methods for cooperative product development in extended enterprises
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Euroma/POMS Conference, June 16-18, Como, Italy, 2003Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14113 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
7. Product realization through concurrent engineering within extended enterprises: A case study
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Product realization through concurrent engineering within extended enterprises: A case study
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, July 26-30, Madeira, Portugal, 2003Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14114 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-26
8. Coordination in collaborative manufacturing mega-networks: a case study
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Coordination in collaborative manufacturing mega-networks: a case study
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 226-244Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Collaborative manufacturing networks are becoming popular. Today, the scale of these networks can be enormous, and include a complex myriad of partners from numerous companies and organizations spanning several countries and even continents. This paper explores how these partners successfully coordinate projects through an investigation of one such “collaborative manufacturing mega-network” or CMMN in the commercial aerospace industry. The case is analyzed with the aid of the literary state-of-the-art, and a number of organizational, structural, and cultural issues are discussed including mass customization. Finally, some of the most important factors for the successful CMMN are presented.

Nyckelord
Collaborative manufacturing, Collaborative networks, Commercial aerospace industry, Mass customization
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14115 (URN)10.1016/j.jengtecman.2005.06.005 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-11-01 Skapad: 2006-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13

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