liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Vegetarisk (rå)kost och det reformerade livet: Maximilian Bircher - Benner och de svenska hälsokoströrelserna
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Tema hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Lychnos : årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria: Tema: Mat / [ed] Sven Widmalm och Roger Qvarsell (gästredaktör), Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2005, s. 245-272Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Raw vegetarian food and life reform: Maximilian Bircher-Benner and the Swedish health foods movements. By Motzi Eklöf. Movements for life reform, natural healing, and health foods have persisted in Sweden since the last decades of the 19th century. Stressing the importance of less alcohol and other drugs, a proper diet, and the use of natural healing methods, they have displayed conflicts concerning individual rights to decide in matters concerning one’s own body and health in relation to a medicine and state demands. Swedish movements for natural healing and health foods have developed under influence from leading figures and movements in Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, North America, and England.

In 1900, the Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner (1867–1939) launched his theory of ”sunlight food”, meaning that uncooked vegetables and fruits were containing the most energy, whereas meat was radically less nourishing. His theories were contrary to contemporary medical and bourgeois culture considering meat as the optimum food, at least for real men. He became an outsider in medicine until the discovery of vitamins in the 1920s lent him some support. His clinic ”Lebendige Kraft” in Zürich received well-to-do clients from all over the world; these were treated with different physical methods, raw vegetarian food, and proper routines for day and night.

Stressing the importance of raw vegetarian food, Bircher-Benner influenced vegetarians and food reformers in Sweden during the 20th century.

In the 1930s, especially women with connections to the Swedish vegetarian association, founded in 1903, recommended his philosophy of food and natural healing. Menus copied from his books were used in health resorts, vegetarian pensions, and restaurants. But during the decades around World War  II, Are Waerland dominated the Swedish health-food scene, demanding adherence to his very restrictive health food programme. The post-war health movements drew on both Waerland and Bircher-Benner in their food recommendations.

This article proposes factors facilitating or counteracting a broader acceptance of Bircher-Benner’s ideas in Sweden. Health resorts and strong lay traditions in the health care field have maintained a tradition of non-invasive and non-pharmacological healing methods. A strained relationship between medical doctors and lay vegetarian spokesmen have made a more serious discussion of the topic difficult. Political associations tied to natural healing in Germany during the 1930s have affected the debate and have probably also restrained a broader acceptance of these ideas. Today, scientific studies have resulted in official nourishment recommendations similar to a previously launched ”health food”.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2005. s. 245-272
Serie
Linköping University Interdisciplinary Studies, ISSN 1650-9625 ; 5
Serie
Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648
Emneord [en]
Vegetarism, hälsokost, råkost, Bircher-Benner, Waerland, Saxon
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34061Lokal ID: 20656ISBN: 91-85286-55-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34061DiVA, id: diva2:254909
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-10 Laget: 2009-10-10 Sist oppdatert: 2013-10-11bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

Vegetarisk (rå)kost och det reformerade livet : Maximilian Bircher - Benner och de svenska hälsokoströrelser(2029 kB)958 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 2029 kBChecksum SHA-512
c0a3e9a7372f12cb5cb6020233d53a3909d98824020b296efbe7dd20cd6473cf799bdf759d692656131fdf53e90e01ba8ef359cad2fe61da5e0776349693f86d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Tema: Mat. Electronic offprint from LYCHNOS: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoriafind book at a swedish library/hitta boken i ett svenskt bibliotek

Personposter BETA

Eklöf, Motzi

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Eklöf, Motzi
Av organisasjonen

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 958 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 907 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf