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Security aspects of the Authentication used in Quantum Cryptography
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1082-8325
2008 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, ISSN 0018-9448, E-ISSN 1557-9654, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 1735-1741Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Unconditionally secure message authentication is an important part of Quantum Cryptography (QC). We analyze security effects of using a key obtained from QC for authentication purposes in later rounds of QC. In particular, the eavesdropper gains partial knowledge on the key in QC that may have an effect on the security of the authentication in the later round. Our initial analysis indicates that this partial knowledge has little effect on the authentication part of the system, in agreement with previous results on the issue. However, when taking the full QC protocol into account, the picture is different. By accessing the quantum channel used in QC, the attacker can change the message to be authenticated. This together with partial knowledge of the key does incur a security weakness of the authentication. The underlying reason for this is that the authentication used, which is insensitive to such message changes when the key is unknown, becomes sensitive when used with a partially known key. We suggest a simple solution to this problem, and stress usage of this or an equivalent extra security measure in QC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2008. Vol. 54, no 4, p. 1735-1741
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39520DOI: 10.1109/TIT.2008.917697Local ID: 49245OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-39520DiVA, id: diva2:260369
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ICG QCAvailable from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Jan-Åke

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