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Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ 08028, USA.
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007. s. 158-175
Serie
Globalisation, Technology and Sustainable Development Book Series
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71342ISBN: 0-907776-30-2 (tryckt)ISBN: 0-907776-32-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-71342DiVA, id: diva2:447499
Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation
2011 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Current SME performance models suffer from a number of disadvantages. The models use intensively a business ratio approach, they look at SMEs as a homogenous group, they consider firms to be closed systems, they do not directly incorporate the impact of an enterprise’s innovation activities, and finally they are complex and rely on sophisticated statistical refining methods making them unpractical to use by SME managers. There are four major challenges when one tries to build SME performance models that lack these deficiencies. The first challenge is that the desired performance evaluation model must optimally incorporate both quantitative and qualitative input. The second challenge is that the model must incorporate non-financial input parameters, such as firm size and age (among others), in the performance evaluation models. The third is that the model must consider the variety of SMEs as concerns their business sectors, nationalities, sizes, and ages. The final challenge is that the model must be able to utilize existing limited information available from the SMEs bookkeeping practices in an optimal way.

The thesis addresses three questions related to constructing a better SMEperformance model, namely (1) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the existing models used in evaluating SME performance? (2) What characterizes a comprehensive model for measuring SME performance with acknowledgement of the firm’s innovation activities? (3) How can a firm’s innovation activities be enhanced in relation to the firm’s external environment?

To construct a model that copes with these challenges, I used a literature-based selection of parameters as well as a theory-based selection. I used both a conceptual approach and an empirical approach to discuss and propose a model, the Survival Index Value (or SIV) model, as an alternative to the existing performance models for SMEs.

The major contributions of this thesis to the field of SME performance can be summarized in three outcomes: the SIV model as a new model of SME performance evaluation, the ASPEM as a new tool for strategic utilization of SME performance models, and a new approach to account for innovation in relation to the external environment of the firm using the IBAM tool.

The work adds to the theory of the firm, as it presents a new way of evaluating firm performance. It also contributes to bridging the theory of the firm to organizational theory, by elevating the significance of networking and its impact on SME efficiency.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. s. 127
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1364
Nyckelord
SME performance, performance evaluation, firm efficiency, SIV model, innovation capital, system capital, open capital, business models
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71349 (URN)978-91-7393-219-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2011-11-28, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Engelska)
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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