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Reconstruction and Exploration of Large-scale Distributed Operations – Multimedia tools for Evaluation of Emergency Management Response
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4677-1949
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1543-5865, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 31-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents an approach for computer-supported reconstruction and exploration (R&E) of distributed tactical operations. The approach involves several steps for constructing a time-synchronized, event-driven multimedia model of the course of events collected from multiple sources in the operational environment and visualizes this model in the F-REX Studio multimedia suite. In this study, the use of R&E and F-REX is explored in large-scale emergency management exercises. The approach’s possibilities, limitations, and needs for modification are first outlined followed by a comparison to traditional quantitative and qualitative data collection methods applied in the same context. It is found that the R&E approach in combination with F-REX has several advantages in relation to the other methods, in terms of avoiding problems of retrospection and in being able to provide an overview of the entire operation based on multiple perspectives—addressing the question “why” something happened rather than “what happened.” Correctly used, multimedia-supported R&E can thereby be used for more solid evaluations of large-scale emergency management exercises and operations, thus contributing to more effective handling of future crises. Keywords: reconstruction & exploration, distributed tactical operations, emergency management, evaluation, computer technology

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2008. Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 31-47
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91987DiVA, id: diva2:619901
Tillgänglig från: 2013-05-07 Skapad: 2013-05-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
2013 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Organizations for humanitarian assistance, disaster response and military activities are characterized by their special role in society to resolve time-constrained and potentially life-threatening situations. The tactical missions that these organizations conduct regularly are significantly dynamic in character, and sometimes impossible to fully comprehend and predict. In these situations, when control becomes opportunistic, the organizations are forced to rely on the collective experience of their personnel to respond effectively to the unfolding threats. Generating such experience through traditional means of training, exercising and apprenticeship, is expensive, time-consuming, and difficult to manage.

This thesis explores how and why mission experience should be utilized in emergency management and military organizations to improve performance. A multimedia approach for capturing mission experience has further been tested in two case studies to determine how the commanders’ experiences can be externalized to enable vicarious learning. These studies propose a set of technical, methodological, and ethical issues that need to be considered when externalizing mission experience, based on two aforementioned case studies complemented by a literature review. The presented outcomes are (1) a model aligning abilities that tactical organizations need when responding to dynamic situations of different familiarity, (2) a review of the usefulness of several different data sources for externalization of commanders’ experiences from tactical operations, and (3) a review of methodological, technical, and ethical issues to consider when externalizing tactical military and emergency management operations. The results presented in this thesis indicate that multimedia approaches for capturing mission histories can indeed complement training and exercising as a method for generating valuable experience from tactical missions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. s. 72
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1582
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90727 (URN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Lokalt ID)978-91-7519-660-2 (ISBN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Arkivnummer)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (OAI)
Presentation
2013-05-31, Alan Turing, Hus E, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

This work has been supported by the Swedish Defense Research Agency, the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (formerly the Swedish Rescue Services Agency and the Swedish Emergency Management Agency) and Forum Securitatis.

Tillgänglig från: 2013-05-07 Skapad: 2013-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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