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More negative self-esteem and inferior coping strategies among patients diagnosed with IBS compared with patients without IBS - a case-control study in primary care
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i västra Östergötland, Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten för Närsjukvården i Östergötland.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Magtarmmedicinska kliniken.
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2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 16, nr 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic, relapsing gastrointestinal disorder,that affects approximately 10% of the general population and the majority are diagnosed  in primary care. IBS has been reported to be associated with altered psychological and cognitive functioning such as mood disturbances, somatization, catastrophizing or altered visceral interoception by negative emotions and stress. The aim was to  investigate the psychosocial constructs of self-esteem and sense of coherence among IBS patients compared to non-IBS patients in primary care.     

Methods

A case–control study in primary care setting among IBS patients meeting the ROME III         criteria (n = 140) compared to controls i.e. non-IBS patients (n = 213) without any         present or previous gastrointestinal complaints. The data were collected through self-reportedquestionnaires of psychosocial factors.     

Results

IBS-patients reported significantly more negative self-esteem (p < 0.001), lower scores         for positive self-esteem (p < 0.001), and lower sense of coherence (p < 0.001) than the controls. The IBS-cases were also less likely to report ‘good’ health status (p < 0.001) and less likely to report a positive belief in the future (p < 0.001). After controlling for relevant confounding factors in multiple regressions, the elevation  in negative self-esteem among IBS patients remained statistically significant (p =0.02), as did the lower scores for sense of coherence among IBS cases (p = 0.04).     

Conclusions

The more frequently reported negative self-esteem and inferior coping strategies among         IBS patients found in this study suggest the possibility that psychological therapies         might be helpful for these patients. However these data do not indicate the causal         direction of the observed associations. More research is therefore warranted to determine whether these psychosocial constructs are more frequent in IBS patients.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BioMed Central , 2015. Vol. 16, nr 6
Emneord [en]
Primary care; IBS; Self-esteem; Coping; Psychosocial factors
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114578DOI: 10.1186/s12875-015-0225-xISI: 000349125500001PubMedID: 25626450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114578DiVA, id: diva2:791457
Merknad

Funding Agencies|FORSS (Research fund in South of Sweden)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-27 Laget: 2015-02-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04

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Grodzinsky, EwaWalter, SusannaOlsen Faresjö, Ashild

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