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Cluster Initiatives within the European Context: Intermediary Actors and Development process
Linköpings universitet, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Linköpings universitet, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5960-9270
Linköpings universitet, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9938-8839
Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design, Luleå University, Sweden.
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2015 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Cluster initiatives can be seen as intermediaries that drive networks among triple helix actors. This paper investigates how cluster initiatives intermediate within a triple helix context in terms of actors’ involvement and dependency patterns between their maturity and member enrolment. A sample of 253 European initiatives was contacted of which 136 (53%) responded. The results show that two factors influence attraction of new target members in cluster initiatives: namely age of the initiative and the presence of key players and support groups. Our findings lead to a number of implications for policymakers, such as the importance of long-term financing of well-functioning cluster initiatives despite their age.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015.
Nyckelord [en]
Cluster initiatives, intermediaries, triple helix actors, development process
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121713DiVA, id: diva2:858433
Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-02 Skapad: 2015-10-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation offers a platform to understand the nature of cluster initiatives as a socio-economic phenomenon combining cluster, entrepreneurship and intermediary features. They are particular types of ventures facilitating networks and dialog platforms adjusted to local contexts and offering a way to enhance regional development. The success of clusters and regions is shaped by the degree they are based on and involve entrepreneurial activity, which is viewed here under the prism of cluster initiatives. This dissertation uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches to study various organizational aspects of cluster initiatives and their intermediary role as well as providing recommendations for the management and support of these organizations. It is based on five papers written by the author of the dissertation solely and in collaboration with other scholars where the level of analysis is focused on cluster initiatives. Based on empirical material from the papers this dissertation brings together both the structural and organizational content of cluster initiatives by providing evidence in the areas of actors and relationships, mode of organization and intermediary specific, assessment and management as well as policy.

This work has generated the following conclusions: firstly, cluster initiatives represent organizations bringing together a four-faceted constellation of interrelated actors (i.e. the initiative itself, key player, support and target group), through organization of intermediary activities. Secondly, these organizations are organized as temporary projects, but being able to attract many members and to satisfy their needs through diversified and innovative activities can help them to achieve longevity. The longevity of initiatives can also be supported by policy, which in order to become effective, should include a long-term perspective and bottom-up approach. And finally, the study proposes a model of five central qualitative success factors to be used for the assessment and management of the initiatives, which together depict a holistic picture of their functioning. This model contains elements such as idea, driving forces, activities, organization and critical mass. The two models of interrelated actors and of success factors form the main contribution of this work. Extending the stream of studies this dissertation raises awareness and calls for recognition of cluster initiatives as important actors working in-between the boundaries of other organizations and institutions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. s. 90
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1690
Nyckelord
Cluster, cluster initiatives, intermediary organization, regional development, entrepreneurship, success factors, actors/stakeholders and activities
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121631 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-121631 (DOI)978-91-7685-997-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2015-10-30, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 09:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Projekt
PIE/HELIX
Forskningsfinansiär
Vinnova
Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-02 Skapad: 2015-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad

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Laur, InessaKlofsten, MagnusBienkowska, Dzamila

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Laur, InessaKlofsten, MagnusBienkowska, Dzamila
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HELIX Vinn Excellence CentreProjekt, innovationer och entreprenörskapTekniska högskolan
Ekonomi och näringslivMiljövetenskap

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