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The Influences of National Culture on Product Development and Industrialization: A Systematic Literature Review
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden / Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Product and Production Development, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Increased globalization provides both opportunities and challenges. It requires the development of new means of collaboration within cross-national functional groups, processes, and projects related to product development and industrialization (PD&I). The objective of this paper is to review the relevant research on national cultural issues in the context of multicultural collaborations in PD&I. Findings are reported concerning national cultures, cultural challenges, and key findings show that previous research is mostly a comparison of different national cultures in a specific phase of PD&I. The review reveals that most studies have looked at crosscultural issues related to product development rather than industrialization. Furthermore, Power Distance, Individual vs. Group Identity, and relation to time and environment are considered to be key cultural factors that influence global collaboration, as they have impact on the innovative knowledge transfer process. Further research is suggested to examine cultural issues in relation to all aspects of PD&I, especially the industrialization process, which has only been the subject of a few research studies. A need to further explore cultural effects in the PD&I research field has also been identified. Future research should address how to utilize, integrate, and operationalize culture research into a wide span of business practices in different phases of the PD&I.

Nyckelord [en]
Cross-cultural, organizational performance, international collaboration, product realization
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Globaliseringsstudier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122732DiVA, id: diva2:872423
Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-18 Skapad: 2015-11-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Cross-Cultural Challenges in Product Realization Process
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cross-Cultural Challenges in Product Realization Process
2015 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

With increased global competition, companies need to diversify their product realization process to gain advantages offered by different geographical areas. However, different cultural backgrounds of people and companies situated around the world can lead to challenges in crosscultural collaboration. Taking into account the whole product realization process, this thesis focuses on the three main areas of the product realization research field: product development, product introduction, and production ramp-up/serial production. The aim is to identify crosscultural challenges in the product realization process and contribute to knowledge on possible strategies facilitating a cross-cultural collaboration.

This thesis is based on a qualitative research approach. First, a systematic literature review was conducted to explore the research field and gain more understanding regarding challenges in cross-cultural human collaboration. Then, case study methodology was adopted to explore cross-cultural transfer of management concepts and possible strategies to facilitate crosscultural human collaboration.

Results reveal that cross-cultural challenges exist both directly, when people from different cultural backgrounds work together, and indirectly, when management concepts are transferred across cultural contexts. In the case of human collaboration, different cultures lead to crosscultural challenges such as misunderstanding, tensions at work, difficulties in communication and knowledge transfer as well as a mismatch in resource planning and control. Regarding transfer of management concepts, there is a cultural imprint in management concepts causing challenges when they are implemented in a different culture. However, this is a two-way adaptation in which both the organization and some principles of the management concepts can be adapted to better fit with each other during the implementation process.

The study also suggests that Quality Management is a possible strategy to mitigate crosscultural challenges in human collaboration. Quality Management may serve as a guideline to establish working procedures to facilitate collaboration and help employees overcome cultural boundaries.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. s. 62
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1736
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Globaliseringsstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122735 (URN)978-91-7685-881-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-11-25, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Engelska)
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-18 Skapad: 2015-11-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Wangwacharakul, PrompornBerglund, Martina

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