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Design Criteria for a Conceptual End-effector for Physical Human-Robot Production Cell
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9539-2163
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1646-5817
Core Manufacturing Engineer, Volvo Car Coopeation,Göteborg, Sweden.
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of The 6th International Swedish Production Symposium 2014, Gothenburg: Chalmers Conferences , 2014, s. 1-7Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Speed, precision and repeatability are virtues of industrial robots which are relied on by manufacturing firms but also necessitates segregating them within controlled fenced areas. Therefore, industrial robots cannot cooperate with line workers in assembling task. With recent developments in robotics, new possibilities have emerged that can enable manufacturing firms to be flexible and cost effective. This paper presents preliminary results from investigations into the possibility of a man-machine production cell where plastic panels are assembled under the car. A conceptual man-machine collaborative production cell will be presented detailing characteristics required to ensure safety.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg: Chalmers Conferences , 2014. s. 1-7
Nyckelord [en]
Human-Robot Collaboration, Mixed-model assembly Line, Flexible Manufacturing.
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123649ISBN: 9789198097412 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123649DiVA, id: diva2:890759
Konferens
The 6th Swedish Production Symposium, Clarion Hotel Post September 16-18, Gothenburg, Sweden
Projekt
Collaborative Team of Man and Machine ToMM
Forskningsfinansiär
VinnovaTillgänglig från: 2016-01-04 Skapad: 2016-01-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. On Safe Collaborative Assembly With Large Industrial Robots
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On Safe Collaborative Assembly With Large Industrial Robots
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis pertains to industrial safety in relation to human-robot collaboration. The aim is to enhance understanding of the nature of systems where large industrial robots collaborate with humans to complete assembly tasks. This understanding may support development and safe operations of future collaborative systems.

Industrial robots are widely used to automate manufacturing operations across several industries. The automotive industry is the largest user of robots and have identified robot-based automation as a strategy to improve efficiency in manufacturing operations.

Recently, a class of machines referred to as collaborative robots have been developed by robot manufacturers to support operators in assembly tasks. The use of these robots to support human workers in an industrial context are referred to as collaborative operations.

Presently, collaborative robots have limited reach and load carrying capacity compared to standard industrial robots. Large/standard industrial robots are widely used for applications such as welding or painting. They can, in principle support operators in assembly tasks as well.

Two laboratory demonstrators representing the final results from a series of research activities will be presented. They were developed to investigate issues related to personnel and process safety while working with large industrial robots in collaborative operations. The demonstrators were partially based on assembly workstations that are currently operational and they exemplify challenges faced by the automotive industry.

Demonstrator-based Research, a methodology for collaborative research that emphasizes development of demonstrators as a research tool, forms the rationale for carrying out research operations presented in this thesis. An evaluation of the laboratory demonstrators by industrial participants suggests an increased interest and confidence in collaborative operations with large robots. The demonstrators have served as a tentative platform for participants to identify and discuss manufacturing and safety challenges in relation to their organization.

A main outcome presented in this thesis relates to specifying requirements for introducing robots in a human-populated environment. Introducing robotic systems in new environments requires reconsideration of the nature of the hazards particular to the domain. An analysis of the laboratory demonstrators suggest that, in addition to hazards associated with normal functioning of the system, limitations in human cognition must be considered. These results will be exemplified and discussed in the context of situational and mode awareness. Additionally, a model of a collaborative workstation will be presented in terms of three constituents – workspace, tasks and interaction.

This is particularly significant considering the direction of present-day research aimed at introducing robots across various industries and working environments. In response to this trend, this thesis discusses the relevance of Interactive Research and its emphasis on joint learning that goes on between academic researchers and industrial participants as a valuable principle for collaborative research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2019. s. 79
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 2026
Nationell ämneskategori
Robotteknik och automation Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi Interaktionsteknik Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign) Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162134 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-162134 (DOI)9789179299774 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-12-13, C3, C-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-20 Skapad: 2019-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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