liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Preexisting semantic representation improves working memory performance in the visuospatial domain
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London, London, UK/ Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London, London, UK. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 608-620Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Working memory (WM) for spoken language improves when the to-be-remembered items correspond to preexisting representations in long-term memory. We investigated whether this effect generalizes to the visuospatial domain by administering a visual n-back WM task to deaf signers and hearing signers, as well as to hearing nonsigners. Four different kinds of stimuli were presented: British Sign Language (BSL; familiar to the signers), Swedish Sign Language (SSL; unfamiliar), nonsigns, and nonlinguistic manual actions. The hearing signers performed better with BSL than with SSL, demonstrating a facilitatory effect of preexisting semantic representation. The deaf signers also performed better with BSL than with SSL, but only when WM load was high. No effect of preexisting phonological representation was detected. The deaf signers performed better than the hearing nonsigners with all sign-based materials, but this effect did not generalize to nonlinguistic manual actions. We argue that deaf signers, who are highly reliant on visual information for communication, develop expertise in processing sign-based items, even when those items do not have preexisting semantic or phonological representations. Preexisting semantic representation, however, enhances the quality of the gesture-based representations temporarily maintained in WM by this group, thereby releasing WM resources to deal with increased load. Hearing signers, on the other hand, may make strategic use of their speech-based representations for mnemonic purposes. The overall pattern of results is in line with flexible-resource models of WM.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2016. Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 608-620
Emneord [en]
Working memory, Visuospatial, Sign language, Deafness, Semantic
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126032DOI: 10.3758/s13421-016-0585-zISI: 000374335500007PubMedID: 26800983OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126032DiVA, id: diva2:911356
Merknad

Funding agencies: Riksbankens jubileumsfond [P2008-0481:1-E]; Economic and Social Research Council of Great Britain [RES-620-28-6001, RES-620-28-0002]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-11 Laget: 2016-03-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-21

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(831 kB)129 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 831 kBChecksum SHA-512
229b748e16d4e7a810b07f4cd4870eb7e5579901afaf59fe90c6568c10cce57c916404c44fbdd20e00bcece39f574000dae5adfad0b1e480c54810fdd1a69612
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekstPubMed

Personposter BETA

Rudner, MaryOrfanidou, EleniWoll, BencieRönnberg, Jerker

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Rudner, MaryOrfanidou, EleniWoll, BencieRönnberg, Jerker
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
Memory & Cognition

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 129 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 658 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf