Phosphorus in the sediment of L. Hällerstadsjön: spatial distribution, fractions and release to the water volume
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
: In freshwater systems phosphorus (P) is the limiting element in the cause of eutrophication. In many Swedish lakes, causes of eutrophication have been attributed to more of internal loading than external since the external loading has been fairly well managed. Internal loading is linked to the mobility of sediment P, which are known to be Bioavailable P (BAP). Sediments from Lake Hällerstadsjön in Sweden was studied to know the BAP concentration and its possible release into the water column under reduced conditions. Sediments were sampled at two different depths, 0-5 cm and 5-10cm. BAP was determined by a phosphorus fractionation scheme. Sediments were incubated under oxic and anoxic conditions in the laboratory to evaluate sediment P release. Spatial variation in the distribution of P forms across the lake was also studied, in order to examine possible local patterns, particularly along a transect from the main inlet to the outlet. Fractionation analyses showed a trend of; Residual-P > NaOH-P > HCl-P > BD-P > Loosely bound P. The fractions constituting the BAP was higher at the 0-5 cm sediment depth than 5-10 cm. Sediment P flux was recorded for anoxic but not oxic sediment. BAP correlated significantly with sediment P flux (P= 0.01). Spatially, the P distribution varied both at depths and along a latitudinal transect, from the main inlet to the outlet.
Dredging of the surface sediments with high BAP content would possibly be an effective means of preventing eutrophication of the lake.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Bioavailable phosphorus, Eutrophication, Phosphorus fractionation, Phosphorus flux, Sediments.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131757ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--16/3231--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131757DiVA: diva2:1010352
Subject / course
2016-05-27, Schröndinger, Linköping University, Linköping, 11:00 (English)
HARGEBY, ANDERS, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR
TONDERSKI, KARIN, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR