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Precursors of social emotional functioning among full-term and preterm infants at 12 months: Early infant withdrawal behavior and symptoms of maternal depression
University of Oslo, Norway; Eastern and Southern Norway, Norway.
Eastern and Southern Norway, Norway; Uni Research Heatlh, Norway.
Norwegian Centre Violence and Traumat Stress Studies, Norway; Eastern and Southern Norway, Norway.
University of Oslo, Norway; Eastern and Southern Norway, Norway.
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2016 (English)In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 44, 159-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study forms part of a longitudinal investigation of early infant social withdrawal, maternal symptoms of depression and later child social emotional functioning. The sample consisted of a group of full-term infants (N = 238) and their mothers, and a group of moderately premature infants (N = 64) and their mothers. At 3 months, the infants were observed with the Alarm Distress Baby Scale (ADBB) and the mothers completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). At 12 months, the mothers filled out questionnaires about the infants social emotional functioning (Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-Social Emotional). At 3 months, as we have previously shown, the premature infants had exhibited more withdrawal behavior and their mothers reported elevated maternal depressive symptoms as compared with the full-born group. At 12 months the mothers of the premature infants reported more child internalizing behavior. These data suggest that infant withdrawal behavior as well as maternal depressive mood may serve as sensitive indices of early risk status. Further, the results suggest that early maternal depressive symptoms are a salient predictor of later child social emotional functioning. However, neither early infant withdrawal behavior, nor gestational age, did significantly predict social emotional outcome at 12 months. It should be noted that the differences in strength of the relations between ADBB and EPDS, respectively, to the outcome at 12 months was modest. An implication of the study is that clinicians should be aware of the complex interplay between early infant withdrawal and signs of maternal postpartum depression in planning ports of entry for early intervention. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC , 2016. Vol. 44, 159-168 p.
Keyword [en]
Infant social withdrawal; Maternal depressive symptoms; Full-term and preterm infants; Social emotional functioning
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131698DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2016.06.012ISI: 000382804400017PubMedID: 27429050OAI: diva2:1010370
Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-03

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Heimann, Mikael
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