Nationwide population-based cohort study of celiac disease and risk of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and joint hypermobility syndrome
2016 (English)In: Digestive and Liver Disease, ISSN 1590-8658, E-ISSN 1878-3562, Vol. 48, no 9, 1030-1034 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Patients with celiac disease (CD) often have articular complaints, and small prior studies suggest an association with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS)/joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS). Aims: This study examines the risks of EDS/JHS in patients with CD. Methods: This cohort study compared all individuals in Sweden diagnosed with CD based on small intestinal biopsy between 1969-2008 (n = 28,631) to 139,832 matched reference individuals, and to a second reference group undergoing biopsy without having CD (n = 16,104). Rates of EDS/JHS were determined based on diagnostic codes in the Swedish Patient Register. Hazard ratios (HRs) for EDS/JHS were estimated through Cox regression. Results: There are 45 and 148 cases of EDS/JHS in patients with CD and reference individuals, respectively. This corresponds to a 49% increased risk of EDS/JHS in CD (95% CI = 1.07-2.07). The HR for EDS was 2.43 (95% CI = 1.20-4.91) and for JHS 1.34 (95% CI = 0.93-1.95). Compared to reference individuals undergoing intestinal biopsy, CD was not a risk factor for EDS/JHS. A stronger association was seen in patients initially diagnosed with EDS/JHS and subsequently diagnosed with CD (odds ratio = 2.29; 95% CI = 1.21-4.34). Conclusions: Individuals with CD have higher risk of EDS/JHS than the general population, which may be due to surveillance bias or factors intrinsic to celiac development. (C) 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 48, no 9, 1030-1034 p.
Cohort study, Epidemiology, Gluten, Hypermobility syndrome
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131668DOI: 10.1016/j.dld.2016.05.019ISI: 000382307800008PubMedID: 27321543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131668DiVA: diva2:1014937