Heart failure in Tanzania and Sweden: Comparative characterization and prognosis in the Tanzania Heart Failure (TaHeF) study and the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF)
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 220, 750-758 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Heart failure (HF) in developing countries is poorly described. We compare characteristics and prognosis of HF in Tanzania vs. Sweden. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from the Tanzania HF study (TaHeF) and the Swedish HF Registry (SwedeHF). Patients were compared overall (n 427 vs. 51,060) and after matching 1: 3 by gender and age +/- 5 years (n 411 vs. 1232). The association between cohort and all-cause mortality was assessed with multivariable Cox regression. Results: In the unmatched cohorts, TaHeF (as compared to SwedeHF) patients were younger (median age [inter-quartile range] 55 [40-68] vs. 77 [64-84] years, p amp;lt; 0.001) and more commonly women (51% vs. 40%, p amp;lt; 0.001). The three-year survival was 61% in both cohorts. In the matched cohorts, TaHeF patients had more hypertension (47% vs. 37%, p amp;lt; 0.001), more anemia (57% vs. 9%), more preserved EF, more advanced HF, longer duration of HF, and less use of beta-blockers. Crude mortality was worse in TaHeF (HR 2.25 [95% CI 1.78-2.85], p amp;lt; 0.001), with three-year survival 61% vs. 83%. However, covariate-adjusted risk was similar (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.69-1.66; p = 0.760). In both cohorts, preserved EF was associated with higher mortality in crude but not adjusted analysis. Conclusions: Compared to in Sweden, HF patients in Tanzania were younger and more commonly female, and after age and gender matching, had more frequent hypertension and anemia, more severe HF despite higher EF, and worse crude but similar adjusted prognosis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2016. Vol. 220, 750-758 p.
Heart failure; Mortality; Tanzania; Sub-Saharan Africa; Sweden
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131873DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.06.239ISI: 000381582000143PubMedID: 27393861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131873DiVA: diva2:1036448
Funding Agencies|Government of Tanzania through the Ministry of Health funds Medical services in Tanzania2016-10-132016-10-112016-10-13