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Can pictures of the nature influence anxiety and well-being during elective surgery in local anesthesia?
Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in Norrköping.
FOU-enheten, Länssjukhuset i Kalmar, Kalmar.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center.
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Backgroud

Patients going through surgery in local anesthesia often have a sense of anxiety and stress and thus need support to relax. Different distracting intervention is known to reduce the anxiety and stress. Pictures of the nature, has to our knowledge not been used to support patients comfort during surgery in local anesthesia.

Purpose

The aim was to evaluate the effects of looking at pictures of the nature on patients’ experience of anxiety, relaxation, well-being, and pain during elective surgery in local anesthesia.

Design

A three-armed randomized intervention was performed at three different hospitals.

Methods

Adult patients undergoing surgery in local anesthesia were consecutively randomized into three groups, one group looking at pictures of the nature on an Ipad, one group listening to sedative instrumental music and one control group receiving ordinary care during surgery. State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) short form was filled in before the surgery and just before discharge STAI and VAS-scales on anxiety, relaxation, well-being, and pain were filled in.

Preliminary results

Patients n=240 (54 % women), with a mean age of 58 (± 17) years participated in the study. There was no difference between the three groups related to anxiety after surgery. Younger patients had significantly higher degree of anxiety and lower degree of relaxation and wellbeing (p<0.05), postoperatively.            

Conclusion

Looking at pictures of nature during surgery in local anesthesia is as relaxing as listening to sedative instrumental music. Offering patients to look at nature pictures could be a complement to listening to music.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132107DiVA: diva2:1037601
Conference
12th Nursing and Healthcare Congress, Vancouver Canada, 3-5 October
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-10-17 Last updated: 2016-12-07

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Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
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Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in NorrköpingDivision of Nursing ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesAnaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center
Medical and Health Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf