The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for preschool childrena Swedish validation
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In Sweden, 80-90% of children aged 1-5 years attend preschool, and that environment is well suited to identify behaviours that may be signs of mental health problems. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a well-known short and structured instrument measuring child behaviours that indicate mental health problems well suited for preschool use.Aim: To investigate whether SDQ is a reliable and valid instrument for identifying behavioural problems in children aged 1-3 years and 4-5 years in a Swedish population, as rated by preschool teachers.Methods: Preschools situated in different sized municipalities in Sweden participated. The preschool teacher rated each individual child. Concurrent validity was tested using the Child-Teacher Report Form (C-TRF) and Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). Exploratory factor analysis was conducted for age groups, 1-3 years and 4-5 years.Results: The preschool teachers considered most of the SDQ items relevant and possible to rate. For the children aged 1-3 years, the subscales Hyperactivity (Cronbach alpha=0.84, split half=0.73) and Conduct (Cronbach alpha=0.76, split half=0.80) were considered to be valid. For the age group 4-5 years, the whole original SDQ scale, 4-factor solution was used and showed reasonable validity (Cronbach alpha=0.83, split half=0.87).Conclusion: SDQ can be used in a preschool setting by preschool teachers as a valid instrument for identifying externalizing behavioural problems (hyperactivity and conduct problems) in young children.Clinical implications: SDQ could be used to identify preschool children at high-risk for mental health problems later in life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016. Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.
Mental health; preschool children; psychometrics; screening; strengths and difficulties questionnaire
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132330DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2016.1184309ISI: 000384530700003PubMedID: 27241951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132330DiVA: diva2:1046212
Funding Agencies|National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen)2016-11-122016-11-012016-12-05