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The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for preschool childrena Swedish validation
Linköping University, Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience (CSAN). Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Högland Hospital, Sweden; Jönköping University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Hospital Jönköping, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, 80-90% of children aged 1-5 years attend preschool, and that environment is well suited to identify behaviours that may be signs of mental health problems. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a well-known short and structured instrument measuring child behaviours that indicate mental health problems well suited for preschool use.Aim: To investigate whether SDQ is a reliable and valid instrument for identifying behavioural problems in children aged 1-3 years and 4-5 years in a Swedish population, as rated by preschool teachers.Methods: Preschools situated in different sized municipalities in Sweden participated. The preschool teacher rated each individual child. Concurrent validity was tested using the Child-Teacher Report Form (C-TRF) and Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). Exploratory factor analysis was conducted for age groups, 1-3 years and 4-5 years.Results: The preschool teachers considered most of the SDQ items relevant and possible to rate. For the children aged 1-3 years, the subscales Hyperactivity (Cronbach alpha=0.84, split half=0.73) and Conduct (Cronbach alpha=0.76, split half=0.80) were considered to be valid. For the age group 4-5 years, the whole original SDQ scale, 4-factor solution was used and showed reasonable validity (Cronbach alpha=0.83, split half=0.87).Conclusion: SDQ can be used in a preschool setting by preschool teachers as a valid instrument for identifying externalizing behavioural problems (hyperactivity and conduct problems) in young children.Clinical implications: SDQ could be used to identify preschool children at high-risk for mental health problems later in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016. Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.
Keyword [en]
Mental health; preschool children; psychometrics; screening; strengths and difficulties questionnaire
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132330DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2016.1184309ISI: 000384530700003PubMedID: 27241951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132330DiVA: diva2:1046212
Note

Funding Agencies|National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen)

Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-01 Last updated: 2017-05-31

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Gustafsson, Berit M.Gustafsson, PerProczkowska, Marie
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Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience (CSAN)Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDivision of Clinical SciencesDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping
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