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Metabolic Health in Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Longitudinal Study in a Long-Term Follow-Up Clinic
Childrens Hospital Westmead, Australia; University of Sydney, Australia.
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Childrens Hospital Westmead, Australia.
Childrens Hospital Westmead, Australia; University of Sydney, Australia.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology, ISSN 2156-5333, Vol. 5, no 1, 24-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk of metabolic dysfunction as a late effect of cancer treatment. However, pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) lacks a unified definition, limiting the diagnosis of MetS in CCS. This study evaluated individual metabolic health risk factors and potential areas for intervention in this at-risk population. Methods: This single center, retrospective observational longitudinal study evaluated the metabolic health of all CCS attending an oncology long-term follow-up clinic at a university hospital in Sydney, Australia (January 2012-August 2014). Participants were 276 CCS (52.2% male; mean age 18.0 years; range 6.8-37.9 years), at least 5 years disease free with a broad spectrum of oncological diagnoses. Primary metabolic health risk factors included raised body mass index, hypertension, and hypertransaminasemia. Participants treated with cranial radiotherapy (n=47; 17.0% of cohort) had additional biochemical variables analyzed: fasting glucose/insulin, HDL/LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Results: Hypertension was common (19.0%), with male sex (pamp;lt;0.01) and being aged 18 years or above (pamp;lt;0.01) identified as risk factors. Cranial irradiation was a risk factor for overweight/obesity (47.8% in cranial radiotherapy-treated participants vs. 30.4%; p=0.02). Hypertransaminasemia was more prevalent among participants treated with radiotherapy (15.6% vs. 7.3%; p=0.03), and overweight/obese participants (17.6% vs. 8.2%; p=0.04). Conclusion: Metabolic health risk factors comprising MetS are common in CCS, placing this population at risk of premature adverse cardiovascular consequences. Proactive surveillance and targeted interventions are required to minimize these metabolic complications, and a unified definition for pediatric MetS would improve identification and monitoring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC , 2016. Vol. 5, no 1, 24-30 p.
Keyword [en]
metabolic; obesity; overweight; hypertension; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
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Family Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132558DOI: 10.1089/jayao.2015.0036ISI: 000385343100005PubMedID: 26812459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132558DiVA: diva2:1046671
Available from: 2016-11-14 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2016-11-14

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Emilsson, Hanna
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