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Designing a Digital Medical Management Training Simulator Using Distributed Cognition Theory
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5943-0679
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
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2016 (English)In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background Training of medical professionals is important to improve care during mass-causality events. Therefore, it is essential to extend knowledge on how to design valid and usable simulation-based training environments.

Purpose This article investigates how distributed cognition and simulation theory concepts can guide design of simulation-based training environments. We present the design and user evaluation of DigEmergo, a simulator for training and assessing emergency medicine management.

Design approach A prior Distributed Cognition in Teamwork (DiCoT) analysis of the Emergo Train System (ETS) guided the design process. The design objective of DigEmergo was to be useful, usable, retain distributed cognition features of ETS, and strengthen validity and output reliability.

Evaluation Eight expert ETS instructors participated in a formative system evaluation. The Technology Assessment Model (TAM) questionnaire was used to measure usefulness and ease of use. Observations and post-test interviews were conducted to contextualize the measures.

Results The results showed that DigEmergo was perceived as somewhat to quite useful and somewhat easy to use. Overall, expert users considered DigEmergo promising and successful in retaining core ETS features.

Conclusions The study indicates that a design methodology based on distributed cognition and simulation theory can be successfully combined to guide simulator (re)design and strengthen simulator validity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2016.
National Category
Computer Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132723DOI: 10.1177/1046878116676511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132723DiVA: diva2:1048342
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2016-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Rybing, JonasPrytz, ErikHornwall, JohanNilsson, HeleneJonson, Carl-OscarBång, Magnus
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Human-Centered systemsFaculty of Science & EngineeringFaculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesCenter for Disaster Medicine and TraumatologyDivision of Clinical Sciences
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