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Välja teknik?: Ungdomars röster om valet till gymnasiets teknikprogram
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Gymnasievalet är ett viktigt beslut i ungdomars liv. Den här avhandlingen handlar om ungdomars gymnasieval till teknikprogrammet och om hur de beskriver sina skäl till och omständigheter kring att deras val föll på det programmet. Studiens fokus har varit riktat mot vilka motiv som ungdomar framhåller som viktiga för sitt val. En central fråga har rört deras intresse för teknik och huruvida detta har haft för betydelse för deras val.

Datainsamlingsmetoden som använts har varit semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Materialet omfattar tjugo intervjuer med ungdomar som studerar på teknikprogrammet vid två gymnasieskolor i Mellansverige. I analysen av intervjuerna har tematisk analys använts. Fokus i analysen är de beskrivningskategorier som representerar de övergripande teman som framkommit vid intervjuerna, det vill säga ungdomarnas egna röster.

Studiens resultat baseras på ungdomarnas beskrivningar och visar att ungdomars gymnasieval är ett självständigt val men förknippat med osäkerhet där familjen har störst påverkan på ungdomarnas gymnasieval. Ett annat resultat är att personligt intresse för teknik i allmänhet och datorspel i synnerhet har betydelse för gymnasievalet liksom att valet av ett teknikprogram har samband med dess inriktningar och profiler, dvs. att programmets lokala inriktningar avgjorde det slutliga beslutet. Studien visar också att ungdomarna gjorde taktiska val, dels genom att välja bort ämnen som ansågs svåra att få höga betyg i, dels genom att välja teknikprogrammet som de bedömde var mindre studiekrävande än andra program som t.ex. det naturvetenskapliga.

Abstract [en]

The election to the upper secondary school is an important decision in young people's lives. This thesis examines how young persons describe their reasons and circumstances surrounding their choice of the Technology program. The study's focus is on the motives that young people emphasize as important to their choice. A central issue concerns their interest in technology and whether this has had an impact on their choice.

Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. They comprise twenty interviews with young people who had enrolled the Technology program at two secondary schools in central Sweden. Using thematic analysis categories were generated that represent the main themes emerging from the interviews, yielding the interviewees’ accounts concerning their choice of future studies. The results show how the participants stress that their choice to upper secondary school is an independent one. At the same time, they report that their choice was also linked to uncertainty, and that family members had a considerable impact on their choice of upper secondary study program.

Another result shows that a personal interest in technology in general and computer games in particular are both important reasons for choosing the Technology programs. Further reasons had to do with the specialized profiles that were offered within the program. The study also shows that young people made tactical choices, partly by deselecting subjects that they considered difficult, and instead selecting the Technology programs which they expected to be less demanding than for instance the Science program.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. , 135 p.
Series
Studies in Science and Technology Education, ISSN 1652-5051 ; 94
Keyword [en]
Young people, elections of upper secondary school, technology programs, thematic analysis
Keyword [sv]
Ungdomar, gymnasieval, teknikprogrammet, tematisk analys, Young people, elections of upper secondary school, technology programs, thematic analysis
National Category
Learning Pedagogical Work Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133175ISBN: 9789176857755 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133175DiVA: diva2:1055726
Supervisors
Note

Avhandlingsseriens namn Linköping Studies in Science and Technology Education Thesis No. 94 är felaktigt återgiven på avhandlingens omslag och titelsida. Korrekt namn är Studies in Science and Technology Education No. 94.

Seriens namn är korrigerat i den elektroniska versionen.

Available from: 2016-12-13 Created: 2016-12-13 Last updated: 2017-01-09Bibliographically approved

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