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Preference to Patient-Centeredness in Undergraduate Audiology Students in Portugal
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Lamar University, TX 77710 USA; Adiol India, India.
Polytech Institute Porto, Portugal.
Lamar University, TX 77710 USA.
Lamar University, TX 77710 USA.
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2016 (English)In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF AUDIOLOGY, ISSN 1050-0545, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 816-823Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In health care, the model of patient-centered care is growing; and improved outcomes have been linked to patient-centeredness. Practicing audiologists have been found to strongly prefer a patient-centered approach as years in practice increase. It is unknown whether patient-centeredness begins during education and training. Purpose: The current study was aimed at understanding the preference to patient-centeredness in undergraduate audiology students in Portugal. Research Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design. Study Sample: One hundred and thirty-seven undergraduate audiology students completed patient practitioner orientation scale (PPOS) and provided some demographic details. Data Collection and Analysis: The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and one sample t tests. Results: A significant difference was found for sharing subscale (p amp;lt;= 0.001), caring subscale (p = 0.033), and the PPOS full scale (p amp;lt;= 0.001) among different undergraduate aroups. Further, post hoc tests showed that the difference between year 1 and with years 2, 3, and 4 were significant for sharing subscale and PPOS full scale, but not for caring subscale. No significant differences were observed among the years 2, 3, and 4 for sharing subscale, caring subscale, and for PPOS full scale. When compared audiologists preferences from a previous study on audiologists with students preferences in the current study, significant difference for both subscales and full scale was found between year 1-students and audiologists (p 0.001), with higher preference to patient-centeredness was reported by qualified audiologists. Also, significant difference was found between audiologists and overall undergraduate group for caring subscale (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The current study suggests that audiology education influences preference to patientcenteredness. Within a year of undergraduate coursework, students tend to develop high preference to patient-centeredness, which stays stable during four years of undergraduate studies. These results provide useful insights to audiology education and training, particularly in the context of audiological rehabilitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER ACAD AUDIOLOGY , 2016. Vol. 27, no 10, p. 816-823
Keyword [en]
audiology; education; hearing health care; patient-centeredness; patient-centered care
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133274DOI: 10.3766/jaaa.15129ISI: 000388248700004PubMedID: 27885977OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133274DiVA, id: diva2:1057471
Available from: 2016-12-18 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2016-12-18

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Disability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
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Citation style
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