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Soil organic matter content controls gross nitrogen dynamics and N2O production in riparian and upland boreal soil
University of Federal Fluminense, Brazil; University of Federal Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Federal Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Soil Science, ISSN 1351-0754, E-ISSN 1365-2389, Vol. 67, no 6, 782-791 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated the pathways of gross soil nitrogen (N) transformations and nitrous oxide (N2O) production with N-15 enrichment techniques in a boreal forest landscape by comparing organic (riparian) and mineral (upland) soil within two catchments in northern Sweden. The values of all soil properties evaluated for the riparin and upland zones were statistically different (Pamp;lt;0.05). The rates of gross N transformation were larger in the riparian than in the upland soil (Pamp;lt;0.05), which can be explained by the larger soil organic matter (SOM) content that provides energy and mineral N as a substrate for other processes. The riparian soil at one site shows a decoupling of nitrification from mineralization; the largest gross mineralization occurred in the soil at this site, but gross nitrification was relatively small. This was probably because of the low pH (2.70.1), which inhibits the activity of autotrophic nitrifiers. Oxidation of organic N was the main source of N2O in the soil at all sites, probably because of low soil pH and large organic carbon content, which favours heterotrophic nitrification. The results of our study confirm that organic matter is the main regulating factor for gross N mineralization and nitrification; the latter are markedly different in the organic-rich riparian soil and the upland soil in the boreal forest landscape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2016. Vol. 67, no 6, 782-791 p.
National Category
Soil Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133271DOI: 10.1111/ejss.12384ISI: 000388477100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133271DiVA: diva2:1057474
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish strategic research area Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate - BECC

Available from: 2016-12-18 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2016-12-18

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CiteExportLink to record
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