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Spatial expression of components of a calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRL) signalling system (CRL, calcitonin gene-related peptide, adrenomedullin, adrenomedullin-2/intermedin) in mouse and human heart valves
Justus Liebig University, Germany.
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Justus Liebig University, Germany.
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
Justus Liebig University, Germany.
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2016 (English)In: Cell and Tissue Research, ISSN 0302-766X, E-ISSN 1432-0878, Vol. 366, no 3, 587-599 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Heart valves are highly organized structures determining the direction of blood flow through the heart. Smooth muscle cells within the valve are thought to play an active role during the heart cycle, rather than being just passive flaps. The mature heart valve is composed of extracellular matrix (ECM), various differentiations of valvular interstitial cells (VIC), smooth muscle cells and overlying endothelium. VIC are important for maintaining the structural integrity of the valve, thereby affecting valve function and ECM remodelling. Accumulating evidence suggests an important role of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRL) signalling in preventing heart damage under several pathological conditions. Thus we investigate the existence of a putative CRL signalling system in mouse and human heart valves by real-time RT-PCR, laser-assisted microdissection, immunofluorescence and NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry. Mouse and human heart valves expressed mRNAs for the CRL ligands adrenomedullin (AM), adrenomedullin-2 (AM-2) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and for their receptor components, i.e., CRL and receptor-activity-modifying proteins 1-3. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed AM-, AM-2- and CRL-immunolabelling in endothelial cells and VIC, whereas CGRP immunoreactivity was restricted to nerve fibres and some endothelial cells. Nitric oxide synthase activity, as demonstrated by NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry, was shown mainly in valvular endothelial cells in mice, whereas in human aortic valves, VIC and smooth muscle cells were positive. Our results showed the presence of an intrinsic AM/AM-2/CGRP signalling system in murine and human heart valves with distinct cellular localization, suggesting its involvement in the regulation of valve stiffness and ECM production and turnover.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2016. Vol. 366, no 3, 587-599 p.
Keyword [en]
Adrenomedullin; Adrenomedullin-2; Intermedin; Calcitonin gene-related peptide; Calcitonin receptor-like receptor
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133506DOI: 10.1007/s00441-016-2473-zISI: 000389238700007PubMedID: 27553639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133506DiVA: diva2:1060900
Note

Funding Agencies|German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD); Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan

Available from: 2016-12-30 Created: 2016-12-29 Last updated: 2016-12-30

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Bharathala, Subhashini
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CiteExportLink to record
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