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Who brings the heat? – From municipal to diversified ownership in the Swedish district heating market post-liberalization
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (TEVS)
2016 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 22, 198-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

District heating in Sweden has undergone changes in recent decades. Parallel with transition towards sustainability,a considerable ownership restructuring has occurred, due to liberalization of energy markets.The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze trends of mergers and acquisitions in the Swedish districtheating market. A systematic review of ownership in 290 municipalities has been performed throughannual reports, press releases, websites, municipal minutes, newspaper articles and personal contacts.The paper shows a transformation from municipal to diverse ownership, decreased municipal ownershipand increased internationalization. The window of opportunity provided by liberalization was usedespecially by the “big three” (E.ON, Fortum and Vattenfall) in order to strengthen market position early inthe wave of acquisitions. The time period 1996–2005 was especially hectic, showing strategies of cherrypicking hot spots for acquisitions, with the “big three” being responsible for a large proportion of these.The period after 2006 showed trends of companies selling several district heating businesses at once,through large-scale disinvestment. The paper shows a transformation of the district heating regime, firstas a reaction to changes on the electricity market and later in its own right, raising concerns regardingthe weak position of customers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 22, 198-209 p.
Keyword [en]
District heating, Sweden, Mergers & acquisitions, Sociotechnical change
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133856DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2016.10.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133856DiVA: diva2:1064622
Projects
Mobilizing grassroots capacities for sustainable energy transitions: path improvement or pathchange?
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-26Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2018-12-22 17:25
Available from 2018-12-22 17:25

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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