Genetic Deletion of Neuronal PPAR gamma Enhances the Emotional Response to Acute Stress and Exacerbates Anxiety: An Effect Reversed by Rescue of Amygdala PPAR gamma Function
2016 (English)In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, ISSN 0270-6474, Vol. 36, no 50, 12611-12623 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PPAR gamma is one of the three isoforms of the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs). PPAR gamma is activated by thiazolidinediones such as pioglitazone and is targeted to treat insulin resistance. PPAR gamma is densely expressed in brain areas involved in regulation of motivational and emotional processes. Here, we investigated the role of PPAR gamma in the brain and explored its role in anxiety and stress responses in mice. The results show that stimulation of PPAR gamma by pioglitazone did not affect basal anxiety, but fully prevented the anxiogenic effect of acute stress. Using mice with genetic ablation of neuronal PPAR gamma (PPAR gamma(NestinCre)), we demonstrated that a lack of receptors, specifically in neurons, exacerbated basal anxiety and enhanced stress sensitivity. The administration of GW9662, a selective PPAR gamma antagonist, elicited a marked anxiogenic response in PPAR gamma wild-type (WT), but not in PPAR gamma(NestinCre) knock-out (KO) mice. Using c-Fos immunohistochemistry, we observed that acute stress exposure resulted in a different pattern of neuronal activation in the amygdala (AMY) and the hippocampus (HIPP) of PPAR gamma(NestinCre) KO mice compared with WT mice. No differences were found between WT and KO mice in hypothalamic regions responsible for hormonal response to stress or in blood corticosterone levels. Microinjection of pioglitazone into the AMY, but not into the HIPP, abolished the anxiogenic response elicited by acute stress. Results also showed that, in both regions, PPAR gamma colocalizes with GABAergic cells. These findings demonstrate that neuronal PPAR gamma is involved the regulation of the stress response and that the AMY is a key substrate for the anxiolytic effect of PPAR gamma
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SOC NEUROSCIENCE , 2016. Vol. 36, no 50, 12611-12623 p.
amygdala; anxiety; conditional PPAR gamma knock-out mice; pioglitazone; PPAR gamma; stress
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134212DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4127-15.2016ISI: 000391142700009PubMedID: 27810934OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-134212DiVA: diva2:1069825
Funding Agencies|Italian Society of Pharmacology; Bundesministeriumfur Bildung und Forschung [FKZ:01ZX1311A, R01 AA017447]2017-01-302017-01-292017-01-30