High Dose beta-Blocker Therapy Triggers Additional Reverse Remodeling in Patients With Idiopathic Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy A Lesson From a Preliminary Trial Including the Significance of Left Ventricular Diameter and BNP Change for Reverse Remodeling
2016 (English)In: International Heart Journal, ISSN 1349-2365, E-ISSN 1349-3299, Vol. 57, no 6, 717-724 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carvedilol has established its evidence to improve prognosis and facilitate left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and many studies have supported its dose-dependency. However, there are few studies demonstrating the effect of high dose carvedilol in Japan. We enrolled 23 patients with idiopathic non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, in whom LVEF remained 45% or less despite 20 mg/ day of carvedilol therapy for amp;gt; 3 months. After high dose (40 mg/day) carvedilol therapy for amp;gt; 3 months, LVEF improved (+9.1%, P = 0.002), and LV end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) and LV end-systolic diameter (LVDs) reduced (-4.6 and -6.9 mm, respectively, P amp;lt; 0.05) compared with the baseline data. Finally, 17 patients achieved LVRR after the high dose, when LVRR was defined as 1) those with final EF amp;gt; 45%, and 2) those with final EF amp;lt; 45% but who attained increases in LVEF amp;gt; 10%, or LVEF amp;gt; 5% with a decrease in LV end-diastolic dimension index (LVDDI) amp;gt; 5%. Baseline predictors for LVRR after high dose carvedilol were the change rates of log B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), LVDd, and LVDs from the time of pre-carvedilol introduction to enrollment (P amp;lt; 0.05, respectively). In conclusion, high dose carvedilol triggered additional LVRR in patients with idiopathic non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and the change rates of log BNP, LVDd, and LVDs at 20 mg carvedilol may be predictors for the additional LVRR at high dose.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INT HEART JOURNAL ASSOC , 2016. Vol. 57, no 6, 717-724 p.
Carvedilol; Heart failure; Ejection fraction
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134507DOI: 10.1536/ihj.16-157ISI: 000392042200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-134507DiVA: diva2:1074366