Perceptual Detection of Subtle Dysphonic Traits in Individuals with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Using an Audience Response Systems Approach
2017 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1873-4588, Vol. 31, no 1, UNSP 126.e7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives. Reduced respiratory function following lower cervical spinal cord injuries (CSCIs) may indirectly result in vocal dysfunction. Although self-reports indicate voice change and limitations following CSCI, earlier efforts using global perceptual ratings to distinguish speakers with CSCI from noninjured speakers have not been very successful. We investigate the use of an audience response system-based approach to distinguish speakers with CSCI from noninjured speakers, and explore whether specific vocal traits can be identified as characteristic for speakers with CSCI. Methods. Fourteen speech-language pathologists participated in a web-based perceptual task, where their overt reactions to vocal dysfunction were registered during the continuous playback of recordings of 36 speakers (18 with CSCI, and 18 matched controls). Dysphonic events were identified through manual perceptual analysis, to allow the exploration of connections between dysphonic events and listener reactions. Results. More dysphonic events, and more listener reactions, were registered for speakers with CSCI than for noninjured speakers. Strain (particularly in phrase-final position) and creak (particularly in nonphrase-final position) distinguish speakers with CSCI from noninjured speakers. Conclusions. For the identification of intermittent and subtle signs of vocal dysfunction, an approach where the temporal distribution of symptoms is registered offers a viable means to distinguish speakers affected by voice dysfunction from non-affected speakers. In speakers with CSCI, clinicians should listen for presence of final strain and nonfinal creak, and pay attention to self-reported voice function and voice problems, to identify individuals in need for clinical assessment and intervention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MOSBY-ELSEVIER , 2017. Vol. 31, no 1, UNSP 126.e7
cervical spinal cord injury; dysphonia; perceptual assessment; respiration; Voice Handicap Index (VHI)
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134776DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.12.015ISI: 000392619900064PubMedID: 26850470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-134776DiVA: diva2:1077017