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Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice in Rheumatology: What Sociodemographic, Social Cognitive and Contextual Factors Influence Health Professionals’ Use of Research in Practice?
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3310-0895
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
2016 (English)In: Journal of rheumatic diseases and treatment, ISSN 2469-5726, Vol. 2, no 3, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Objective: Research on the use of research in rheumatology practice is largely lacking. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap by exploring the degree to which evidence-based practice (EBP) is implemented in clinical rheumatology practice and identifying individual and organizational factors that may potentially affect research use in the clinical environment.

Methods: A web-based questionnaire was distributed to members of health professional groups in clinical rheumatology by way of publicly available e-mail addresses. Data were collected on sociodemographic, social cognitive, and contextual factors deemed to potentially influence the use of research in practice. The outcome measure was the EBP Implementation Scale.

Results: A complex range of factors was found to influence the outcome. The factors that were most clearly associated with research use were the perception of personal ability to use research knowledge, years of experience in clinical rheumatology, and experience of research activities.

Conclusions: Our study results suggest a large variation in levels of implementation of EBP across work units and individuals, and although a low general standard is indicated (even if a gold standard does not exist), there was also a great interest in working according to EBP principles. Potential for change is apparent, but it seems necessary to examine the use of research evidence in rheumatology practice at the individual and work unit levels to accommodate local and individual needs and resources. Future studies are needed to examine the influence of contextual influences by other methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 2, no 3, 1-8 p.
National Category
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135486DOI: 10.23937/2469-5726/1510039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-135486DiVA: diva2:1082128
Available from: 2017-03-15 Created: 2017-03-15 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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Neher, MargitStåhl, ChristianFestin, KarinNilsen, Per
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