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In vivo polymerization and manufacturing of wires and supercapacitors in plants
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5582-140X
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 11, 2807-2812 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Electronic plants, e-Plants, are an organic bioelectronic platform that allows electronic interfacing with plants. Recently we have demonstrated plants with augmented electronic functionality. Using the vascular system and organs of a plant, we manufactured organic electronic devices and circuits in vivo, leveraging the internal structure and physiology of the plant as the template, and an integral part of the devices. However, this electronic functionality was only achieved in localized regions, whereas new electronic materials that could be distributed to every part of the plant would provide versatility in device and circuit fabrication and create possibilities for new device concepts. Here we report the synthesis of such a conjugated oligomer that can be distributed and form longer oligomers and polymer in every part of the xylem vascular tissue of a Rosa floribunda cutting, forming long-range conducting wires. The plant’s structure acts as a physical template, whereas the plant’s biochemical response mechanism acts as the catalyst for polymerization. In addition, the oligomer can cross through the veins and enter the apoplastic space in the leaves. Finally, using the plant’s natural architecture we manufacture supercapacitors along the stem. Our results are preludes to autonomous energy systems integrated within plants and distribute interconnected sensor-actuator systems for plant control and optimization

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Academy of Sciences , 2017. Vol. 114, no 11, 2807-2812 p.
National Category
Plant Biotechnology Condensed Matter Physics Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135492DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1616456114ISI: 000396094200029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-135492DiVA: diva2:1082202
Note

Funding agencies: Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation Scholar Grant [KAW 2012.0302]; Linkoping University; Onnesjo Foundation; Wenner-Gren Foundations; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkping University [SFO-Mat-

Available from: 2017-03-16 Created: 2017-03-16 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ionic and electronic transport in electrochemical and polymer based systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ionic and electronic transport in electrochemical and polymer based systems
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Electrochemical systems, which rely on coupled phenomena of the chemical change and electricity, have been utilized for development an interface between biological systems and conventional electronics.  The development and detailed understanding of the operation mechanism of such interfaces have a great importance to many fields within life science and conventional electronics. Conducting polymer materials are extensively used as a building block in various applications due to their ability to transduce chemical signal to electrical one and vice versa. The mechanism of the coupling between the mass and charge transfer in electrochemical systems, and particularly in conductive polymer based system, is highly complex and depends on various physical and chemical properties of the materials composing the system of interest.

The aims of this thesis have been to study electrochemical systems including conductive polymer based systems and provide knowledge for future development of the devices, which can operate with both chemical and electrical signals. Within the thesis, we studied the operation mechanism of ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT), which have been previously utilized to modulate delivery of charged molecules. We analysed the different operation modes of IBJT and transition between them on the basis of detailed concentration and potential profiles provided by the model.

We also performed investigation of capacitive charging in conductive PEDOT:PSS polymer electrode. We demonstrated that capacitive charging of PEDOT:PSS electrode at the cyclic voltammetry, can be understood within a modified Nernst-Planck-Poisson formalism for two phase system in terms of the coupled ion-electron diffusion and migration without invoking the assumption of any redox reactions.

Further, we studied electronic structure and optical properties of a self-doped p-type conducting polymer, which can polymerize itself along the stem of the plants. We performed ab initio calculations for this system in undoped, polaron and bipolaron electronic states. Comparison with experimental data confirmed the formation of undoped or bipolaron states in polymer film depending on applied biases.

Finally, we performed simulation of the reduction-oxidation reaction at microband array electrodes. We showed that faradaic current density at microband array electrodes increases due to non-linear mass transport on the microscale compared to the corresponding macroscale systems.  The studied microband array electrode was used for developing a laccase-based microband biosensor. The biosensor revealed improved analytical performance, and was utilized for in situ phenol detection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. 49 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1841
Keyword
Modeling, Charge transport, Charge carriers Electrochemical systems, Polymer, PEDOT:PSS, Supercapacitance, Cyclic voltammetry, double layers, Nernst-Planck-Poisson, DFT, TDDFT, Ion Bipolar Junction Transistor, ETE-S
National Category
Materials Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics Inorganic Chemistry Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135429 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-1082793 (DOI)9789176855485 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-25, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
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Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-17 Last updated: 2017-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Elgland, MathiasSimon, DanielBerggren, Magnus

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Stavrinidou, EleniGabrielsson, RogerNilsson, K. Peter R.Singh, Sandeep KumarFranco- Gonzalez, Juan FelipeVolkov, Anton V.Jonsson, Magnus P.Grimoldi, AndreaElgland, MathiasZozoulenko, Igor V.Simon, DanielBerggren, Magnus
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Plant BiotechnologyCondensed Matter PhysicsTextile, Rubber and Polymeric MaterialsChemical Sciences

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